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Table 2 Characteristics according to combined cardiorespiratory fitness and relative leg extension power

From: The combination of cardiorespiratory fitness and muscular fitness, and prevalence of diabetes mellitus in middle-aged and older men: WASEDA’S Health Study

  Low CRF & Low rLEP
(n = 269)
Low CRF & High rLEP
(n = 129)
High CRF & Low rLEP
(n = 129)
High CRF & High rLEP
(n = 269)
Age (years) 63.1 ± 9.8 56.6 ± 9.1 55.6 ± 9.3 50.1 ± 7.5
Height (cm) 169.6 ± 6.0 170.5 ± 5.9 170.5 ± 5.9 171.0 ± 5.4
Weight (kg) 71.2 ± 11.0 69.5 ± 8.4 66.6 ± 8.7 66.8 ± 8.8
Waist circumference (cm) 89.1 ± 8.7 85.3 ± 7.0 81.9 ± 7.5 80.8 ± 7.3
Calf circumference (cm) 37.7 ± 2.9 37.4 ± 2.6 37.5 ± 2.4 37.4 ± 2.3
Body mass index (kg/m2) 24.7 ± 3.4 23.9 ± 2.9 22.9 ± 2.6 22.8 ± 2.5
Percent body fat (%) 23.9 ± 5.5 20.8 ± 4.8 18.4 ± 5.1 18.0 ± 5.0
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 138.6 ± 19.9 133.4 ± 17.3 129.3 ± 17.2 125.9 ± 16.8
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 85.6 ± 12.1 85.6 ± 11.0 81.9 ± 9.9 81.1 ± 11.4
Grip strength (kg) 34.7 ± 5.8 38.0 ± 5.9 36.4 ± 4.5 38.7 ± 5.3
Relative grip strength, (kg/kg) 0.49 ± 0.08 0.55 ± 0.10 0.55 ± 0.07 0.58 ± 0.08
Leg extension power (W) 1033 ± 273 1484 ± 273 1041 ± 222 1537 ± 305
Relative leg extension power (W/kg) 14.4 ± 2.8 21.3 ± 2.3 15.6 ± 2.5 23.0 ± 3.4
Peak oxygen uptake (mL/kg/min) 24.7 ± 3.0 26.4 ± 2.5 33.5 ± 3.3 36.1 ± 5.2
Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 209.2 ± 36.1 208.5 ± 32.8 212.1 ± 31.8 210.3 ± 33.8
HDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 58.5 ± 14.9 59.1 ± 13.1 66.2 ± 16.9 64.5 ± 16.9
LDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 124.0 ± 31.9 121.6 ± 28.3 123.4 ± 29.7 122.1 ± 28.6
Triglycerides (mg/dL)a 99.0 (69.0 − 141.0) 103.0 (73.0 − 151.5) 77.0 (55.0 − 106.0) 79.0 (55.5 − 114.0)
Fasting glucose (mg/dL) 102.7 ± 16.9 97.4 ± 12.1 95.6 ± 13.0 95.3 ± 12.3
HbA1c (%) 5.6 ± 0.6 5.5 ± 0.5 5.4 ± 0.4 5.3 ± 0.4
Exercise habit (%) 158 (58.7) 79 (61.2) 99 (76.7) 205 (76.2)
Hypertension (%) 105 (39.0) 29 (22.5) 29 (22.5) 25 (9.3)
Dyslipidemia (%) 80 (29.7) 38 (29.5) 36 (27.9) 51 (19.0)
Family history of diabetes (%) 66 (24.5) 30 (23.3) 24 (18.6) 62 (23.0)
Family history of hypertension (%) 128 (47.6) 59 (45.7) 56 (43.4) 107 (39.8)
Family history of dyslipidemia (%) 28 (10.4) 13 (10.1) 12 (9.3) 29 (10.8)
Current smokers (%) 21 (7.8) 13 (10.1) 11 (8.5) 18 (6.7)
Non-drinkers (%) 37 (13.8) 20 (15.5) 13 (10.1) 33 (12.3)
Diabetes (%) 38 (14.1) 5 (3.9) 7 (5.4) 5 (1.9)
  1. CRF cardiorespiratory fitness, rLEP relative leg extension power
  2. Data are express as means ± standard deviation or percentages of participants
  3. aMedian (Interquartile range)