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Table 4 Factors associated with the willingness and uptake of COVID-19 vaccination

From: Willingness and uptake of the COVID-19 testing and vaccination in urban China during the low-risk period: a cross-sectional study

  Uptake of COVID-19 vaccination (aOR) 95%CI Willingness of COVID-19 vaccination (aOR) 95%CI
City (ref:Nanjing)
 Chizhou 1.928** (1.488—2.498) 1.404** (1.110—1.776)
Gender (ref: male)
 Female 0.999 (0.781—1.278) 0.867 (0.694—1.083)
Age (ref: 18–25 years)
 26–35 0.713 (0.436—1.166) 1.024 (0.693—1.512)
 36–45 1.680 (0.979—2.882) 0.953 (0.607—1.495)
  >  = 46 2.012* (1.133—3.574) 0.946 (0.588—1.521)
Residency (ref: local residents)
 Migrants 1.479* (1.040—2.104) 1.107 (0.818—1.499)
Marital status (ref: single)
 Married 0.761 (0.500—1.159) 0.897 (0.624—1.290)
 Divorced/widow 1.092 (0.479—2.490) 0.567 (0.262—1.224)
Educational attainment (ref: middle school or lower)
 High school or technical secondary school 1.085 (0.652—1.807) 1.206 (0.873—1.667)
 Junior college 1.996** (1.236—3.225) 1.023 (0.734—1.425)
 Bachelor's degree or higher 2.473** (1.494—4.094) 1.024 (0.716—1.465)
Occupation (ref: government agency)
 Service industry 0.285** (0.214—0.381) 1.010 (0.756—1.348)
 Manufacturing industry or agriculture 0.104** (0.063—0.171) 1.008 (0.718—1.416)
 Others 0.119** (0.081—0.175) 0.846 (0.626—1.145)
Annual individual income (ref: < 20 k)
 20-50 k 1.487 (0.909—2.432) 0.939 (0.650—1.358)
 50-100 k 1.061 (0.672—1.677) 0.905 (0.644—1.273)
 100-200 k 0.719 (0.445—1.163) 0.955 (0.661—1.379)
  > 200 k 0.747 (0.441—1.265) 1.106 (0.724—1.689)
Self-reported health status (ref: good)
 Poor 0.540** (0.352—0.829) 0.757 (0.543—1.056)
Awareness of COVID-19 (ref: low)
 High 1.683 (0.991—2.859) 3.391** (2.285—5.032)
Perceived susceptibility of COVID-19 (ref: low)
 High 3.457** (2.298—5.199) 1.950* (1.119—3.398)
Perceived severity of COVID-19 (ref: mild)
 Severe or moderate 0.844 (0.629—1.133) 1.213 (0.933—1.578)
  1. *p < 0.05. **p < 0.01
  2. aOR adjusted odds ratio
  3. Only 1714 participants who haven't received or scheduled a COVID-19 vaccine were asked their willingness. Among them, three participants didn't report their willingness, so the sample size for the vaccination willingness question was limited to 1711