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Table 1 Sample characteristics and one-way analyses of variance (ANOVA) for gender, age, education, marital status, and income

From: Measuring physical, cognitive, and emotional aspects of exhaustion with the BOSS II-short version – results from a representative population-based study in Germany

    BOSS II-short_physical BOSS II-short_cognitive BOSS II-short_emotional
Gender n % M (SD) ANOVA M (SD) ANOVA M (SD) ANOVA
 Female 1286 52.9 4.10 (4.20) F(1, 2427) = 10.67,
p = .001, η2p = .004
2.78 (3.99) F(1, 2427) = 8.09,
p = .001, η2p = .003
3.38 (4.29) F(1, 2427) = 14.78,
p < .001, η2p = .006
 Male 1143 47.1 3.55 (3.95) 3.55 (3.95) 3.55 (3.95)
Age (M = 50.35; SD = 17.44)
 18-29 years 365 15.0 1.66 (2.89) F(5, 2423) = 88.88,
p < .001, η2p = .155
1.68 (2.95) F(5, 2423) = 24.69,
p < .001, η2p = .048
2.42 (3.57) F(5, 2423) = 6.43,
p < .001, η2p = .013
 30-39 years 334 13.8 2.13 (3.01) 1.89 (3.33) 2.67 (3.67)
 40-49 years 481 19.8 3.22 (3.61) 2.38 (3.68) 3.04 (4.16)
 50-59 years 447 18.4 4.10 (4.15) 2.48 (3.83) 3.42 (4.41)
 60-69 years 393 16.2 5.13 (4.05) 2.54 (3.55) 2.90 (3.92)
  ≥ 70 years 409 16.8 6.41 (4.41) 4.30 (4.46) 3.87 (4.52)
Education
  ≤ 9 years 1038 42.7 4.76 (4.24) F(3, 2425) = 33.91,
p < .001, η2p = .040
3.16 (4.21) F(3, 2425) = 15.41,
p < .001, η2p = .019
3.51 (4.35) F(3, 2425) = 7.32,
p < .001, η2p = .009
 10 years 880 36.2 3.26 (3.93) 2.11 (3.40) 2.85 (4.00)
  ≥ 11 years 503 20.7 2.98 (3.67) 2.23 (3.31) 2.63 (3.74)
 School students 8 0.3 0.63 (1.06) 0.25 (0.46) 1.25 (1.49)
Marital status
 Married 1210 49.8 3.77 (3.90) F(5, 2423) = 37.32,
p < .001, η2p = .072
2.20 (3.37) F(5, 2423) = 20.29,
p < .001, η2p = .040
2.53 (3.59) F(5, 2423) = 14.92,
p < .001, η2p = .030
 Committed relationship 129 5.3 2.25 (3.19) 2.08 (3.50) 2.97 (4.52)
 Single 454 18.7 2.57 (3.77) 2.22 (3.55) 3.01 (4.07)
 Separated 39 1.6 3.54 (4.16) 3.13 (4.17) 4.18 (4.66)
 Divorced 300 12.4 4.34 (4.16) 2.85 (4.16) 4.02 (4.58)
 Widowed 297 12.2 6.28 (4.45) 4.50 (4.66) 4.42 (4.87)
Employment
 Working full-time 981 40.4 2.53 (3.19) F(4, 2421) = 111.62,
p < .001, η2p = .156
1.80 (3.13) F(4, 2421) = 33.18,
p < .001, η2p = .052
2.35 (3.46) F(4, 2421) = 20.65,
p < .001, η2p = .033
 Working part-time 264 10.9 3.17 (3.40) 2.22 (3.33) 3.19 (4.04)
 Unemployed 293 12.1 4.11 (4.24) 3.11 (4.44) 4.32 (4.85)
 Retired 753 31.0 6.09 (4.48) 3.70 (4.25) 3.68 (4.52)
 In training 135 5.6 1.55 (2.69) 1.53 (2.75) 2.17 (3.28)
 Missing 3 0.1       
Monthly net income
  < 1500€ 892 36.7 4.79 (4.59) F(3, 2425) = 33.52,
p < .001, η2p = .040
3.35 (4.34) F(3, 2425) = 24.60,
p < .001, η2p = .030
4.06 (4.71) F(3, 2425) = 31.75,
p < .001, η2p = .038
  < 2500€ 784 32.3 3.73 (3.84) 2.43 (3.53) 2.86 (3.95)
  ≥ 2500€ 683 28.1 2.80 (3.42) 1.75 (2.96) 2.13 (3.22)
 Refused to answer 70 2.9 2.96 (3.39)   2.26 (4.04)   2.36 (3.22)