Skip to main content

Table 2 Hypertension status by socio-demographic factors among women aged 15–49 years in Lesotho, 2014

From: The prevalence and socio-demographic correlates of hypertension among women (15–49 years) in Lesotho: a descriptive analysis

Characteristics Normal Blood pressure
(systolic <  = 120–129 and diastolic <  = 80- 84)
Prehypertension (systolic 130–139 and/or diastolic 85–89) Hypertension
(systolic ≥ 140–159 and/or diastolic ≥ 90–99)
Total Pearson’s Chi
square
Age group
 15–19 556 (70.83) 161 (20.51) 68 (8.66) 785  < 0.000
 20–24 421 (68.01) 125 (20.19) 73 (11.79) 619  
 25–29 335 (62.92) 122 (22.93) 75 (14.10) 532  
 30–34 239 (52.07) 128 (27.89) 92 (20.04) 459  
 35–39 168 (46.80) 86 (23.96) 105 (29.29) 359  
 40–44 129 (44.64) 52 (17.99) 108 (37.31) 289  
 45–49 72 (28.92) 67 (26.91) 110 (44.18) 249  
Place of residence      
 Urban 647 (59.80) 231 (21.35) 204 (18.85) 1082 0.439
 Rural 1273 (57.60) 510 (23.08) 427 (19.32) 2210  
Region/district      
 Botha-bothe 144 (27.30) 80 (27.30) 69 (23.55) 293  < 0.001
 Leribe 241 (61.95) 91 (23.39) 57 (14.65) 389  
 Berea 233 (61.97) 74 (19.68) 69 (18.35) 376  
 Maseru 265 (58.50) 89 (19.65) 99 (21.85) 453  
 Mafeteng 167 (55.12) 67 (22.11) 69 (22.77) 303  
 Mohale's hoek 194 (60.82) 72 (22.57) 53 (16.66) 319  
 Quthing 137 (50.00) 68 (24.82) 69 (25.18) 274  
 Qacha's-nek 165 (60.00) 56 (20.36) 54 (19.68) 275  
 Mokhotlong 191 (61.22) 73 (23.40) 43 (15.38) 312  
 Thaba tseka 183 (61.41) 71 (23.83) 44 (14.77) 298  
Marital Status
 Single 724 (66.85) 231 (21.33) 128 (11.82) 1083  < 0.000
 Married 953 (54.21) 417 (23.72) 388 (22.07) 1758  
 Living with partner 18 (54.55) 5 (15.15) 10 (30.30) 33  
 Widowed 133 (52.57) 46 (18.18) 74 (29.25) 253  
 Divorced 28 (57.14) 11 (22.45) 10 (20.41) 49  
 No longer living together/separated 64 (55.17) 31 (26.72) 21 (18.10) 116  
Level of education
 No education 23 (56.10) 9 (21.95) 9 (21.95) 41 0.030
 Primary 748 (55.86) 313 (23.38) 278 (20.86) 1339  
 Secondary 1012 (61.00) 364 (21.94) 283 (17.06) 1659  
 Higher 137 (54.15) 55 (21.74) 61 (24.11) 253  
Religion
 Roman catholic church 717 (56.15) 297 (23.26) 263 (20.60) 1277  < 0.001
 Lesotho evangelical church 331 (57.57) 126 (21.91) 118 (20.52) 575  
 Methodist 29 (49.15) 15 (25.42) 15 (25.42) 59  
 Anglican church 99 (49.01) 53 (26.42) 50 (24.75) 202  
 Seventh day Adventist 17 (80.95) 2 (9.52) 2 (9.52) 21  
 Pentecostal 528 (62.93) 184 (21.93) 127 (15.14) 839  
 Other Christian 157 (62.30) 52 (20.63) 43 (17.06) 252  
 Islam 0 (0.00) 1 (33.33) 2 (66.67) 3  
 No religion 16 (51.61) 7 (22.58) 8 (25.81) 31  
 Other 26 (78.79) 4 (12.12) 3 (9.09) 33  
Occupation
 Professional/technical/managerial 73 (50.34) 29 (20.00) 43 (31.88) 148 0.017
 Clerical 34 (49.28) 13 (18.84) 22 (25.96) 69  
 Sales 111 (47.23) 61 (25.96) 63 (26.81) 235  
 Agricultural—self-employed 75 (51.02) 38 (25.85) 34 (23.13) 147  
 Agricultural—employee 13 (72.22) 2 (11.11) 3 (16.67) 18  
 Household and domestic 144 (62.61) 51 (22.17) 35 (15.22) 230  
 Services 85 (54.84) 41 (26.45) 29 (18.71) 155  
 Skilled manual 62 (45.93) 42 (31.11) 31 (22.96) 135  
 Unskilled manual 90 (52.63) 46 (26.90) 35 (20.47) 171  
 Don't know 47 (58.02) 14 (17.28) 20 (24.69) 81  
Total 1920 (58.32) 741 (22.51) 323 (19.17) 3353 (100)  
  1. p < 0.05 is considered statistically significant (Chi-Square test)