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Table 1 Baseline sociodemographic, reproductive health, and clinical characteristics according to CHW and CIC groups

From: Recruitment strategies to promote uptake of cervical cancer screening in the West Region of Cameroon

  CIC, n (%) CHW, n (%) Total, n (%) P-value*
Variable
Participants recruited 1356 (69.9%) 584 (30.1%) 1940 (100%)  
Age (years), mean ± SD 39.4 (±5.9) 41.9 (±5.6) 40.2 (±5.9) <  0.001
Marital status     <  0.001
 Single 121 (8.9%) 25 (4.3%) 146 (7.5%)  
 Married/In a relationship 1155 (85.2%) 494 (84.6%) 1649 (85%)  
 Divorced/widowed 78 (5.8%) 64 (11.0%) 142 (7.3%)  
Education     <  0.001
 Unschooled 5 (0.4%) 9 (1.5%) 14 (0.7%)  
 Primary education 275 (20.3%) 274 (46.9%) 549 (28.3%)  
 Secondary education 759 (56.0%) 274 (46.9%) 1033 (53.3%)  
 Tertiary education 315 (23.2%) 24 (4.1%) 339 (17.5%)  
Employment status     <  0.001
 Employed 480 (35.4%) 62 (10.6%) 542 (27.9%)  
 Self-employed 412 (30.4%) 121 (20.7%) 533 (27.5%)  
 Farmer 130 (10.0%) 249 (42.6%) 379 (19.5%)  
 Housewife 274 (20.2%) 147 (25.2%) 421 (21.7%)  
 Student 50 (3.7%) 4 (0.7%) 54 (2.8%)  
 Unemployed 8 (0.6%) 0 8 (0.4%)  
Age at menarche (years), mean ± SD 14.6 (1.8) 14.9 (1.7) 14.7 (1.8) <  0.001
Age at first intercourse, mean ± SD 18.0 (2.9) 17.48 (2.4) 17.9 (2.8) <  0.001
Number of sexual partners, median (IQR) 3 (2–5) 3 (2–4) 3 (2–5)  
Age at first delivery (years), mean ± SD 21.3 (5.8) 19.8 (4.3) 20.9 (5.4) <  0.001
Parity     <  0.001
 Nulliparous 65 (4.8%) 13 (2.2%) 78 (4.0%)  
 1–4 662 (48.8%) 166 (28.4%) 828 (42.9%)  
  > 4 627 (46.2%) 404 (69.2%) 1031 (53.1%)  
Tabaco consumption     <  0.001
 Yes 7 (0.5%) 27 (4.6%) 34 (1.8%)  
 None 1347 (99.3%) 555 (95.0%) 1902 (98.0%)  
Contraception     <  0.001
 None 924 (68.1%) 430 (73.6%) 1354 (69.8%)  
 Condom 189 (13.9%) 21 (3.6%) 210 (10.8%)  
 Hormonal pill 23 (1.7%) 8 (1.4%) 31 (1.6%)  
 DIU/ implant/ injection 199 (14.7%) 117 (20.0%) 316 (16.3%)  
 Other 16 (1.2%) 5 (0.9%) 21 (1.1%)  
Previous cervical cancer screening     <  0.001
 None 1025 (75.6%) 560 (95.9%) 1585 (81.7%)  
 Yes 329 (24.3%) 23 (3.9%) 352 (18.1%)  
HIV status (self-reported)     0.791
 Negative 1327 (97.9%) 574 (98.3%) 1901 (98.0%)  
 Positive 27 (2.0%) 9 (1.5%) 36 (1.9%)  
HPV testing results     0.287
 Negative 1096 (80.8%) 484 (82.9%) 1580 (81.4%)  
 Positive 260 (19.2%) 100 (17.1%) 360 (18.6%)  
 HPV-16/18/45 59 (4.4%) 24 (4.1%) 83 (4.3%)  
 Other HPV 215(15.9%) 86 (14.7%) 301 (15.5%)  
Histology (% of HPV positive women)     0.437
 Normal 179 (68.8%) 62 (62%) 241 (66.9%)  
 CIN1 44 (16.9%) 18 (18%) 62 (17.2%)  
 CIN2+ 28 (10.8%) 11 (11%) 39 (10.8%)  
  1. Abbreviations: CHW Community Health Workers, CIC Community Information Channels, SD Standard Deviation, IQR Interquartile range, HIV Human immunodeficiency virus, HPV Human papillomavirus, n number
  2. *p-values were estimated using chi-squared test, t-test as appropriate