Skip to main content

Table 1 Somatic characteristics of study sample of school children in rural central Tanzania (N = 223)

From: Low leptin levels are associated with elevated physical activity among lean school children in rural Tanzania

Children’s characteristics Overall (N = 223) Girls (n = 118) Boys (n = 105)
Age [years] 11.1 (10.2; 11.8) 11.0 (10.2; 11.6) 11.1 (10.3; 11.9)
Leptin [ng/mL] 0.91 (0.55; 1.69) 1.28 (0.81; 2.67) 0.69 (0.41; 0.96)
Body height [cm] 135.1 (131.4; 140.6) 134.9 (130.1; 140.4) 135.1 (131.6; 141.6)
HAZ -1.16 (-1.96; -0.61) -1.34 (-2.16; -0.69) -1.05 (-1.71; -0.58)
Body weight [kg] 27.3 (25.0; 30.1) 27.1 (24.4; 29.7) 27.6 (25.7; 30.8)
BMI [kg/m2] 14.9 (14.1; 15.7) 14.6 (13.8; 15.5) 15.1 (14.5; 15.8)
BMI-z-score -1.35 (-1.93; -0.82) -1.49 (-2.03; -0.91) -1.11 (-1.67; -0.73)
MUAC [cm] 18.1 (17.4; 19.3) 18.2 (17.5; 19.6) 18.1 (17.4; 18.9)
Prevalence of malnutrition* [%]
 Severe thinness 3.1 2.5 3.8
 Thinness 17.9 23.7 11.4
 Normal weight 78.9 73.7 84.8
 Severe stunting 1.3 0.8 1.9
 Moderate stunting 22.0 28.8 14.3
 Normal height 76.7 70.3 83.8
 Undernutrition** 37.3 45.8 28.6
  1. Data presented as medians and interquartile ranges or frequencies; HAZ height-for-age z-score, BMI body mass index, MUAC mid upper arm circumference
  2. *Prevalence of malnutrition based on WHO [34]
  3. **Child is stunted and/or too thin