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Table 4 Associations between Clustered Risk Behavior Classes and Chronic Conditions among US adults ages 40–70

From: Associations of clustered health risk behaviors with diabetes and hypertension in White, Black, Hispanic, and Asian American adults

  Whites (n = 20,774) Blacks (n = 7436) Hispanics (n = 5819) Asians (n = 1293)
aOR (95% CI) aOR (95% CI) aOR (95% CI) aOR (95% CI)
Diabetes
 Obese-inactive class (Ref)
 Relatively-healthy-lifestyle class 0.00 (0.00–0.00)***
 Obese-inactive-smoking class 2.14 (1.64–2.79)***
 Smoking-risky-drinking class 0.17 (0.09–0.32)***
 Obese-inactive class (Ref)
 Smoking-risky-drinking-inactive class 0.54 (0.41–0.71)***
 Obese-inactive-smoking class 1.43 (1.10–1.86)**
 Obese-inactive class (Ref)
 Obese-inactive-smoking class 1.25 (0.93–1.67)
 Smoking-risky-drinking class 0.68 (0.38–1.22)
 Inactive class (Ref)
 Somewhat-inactive-some smoking class 1.06 (0.32–3.44)
 Smoking-risky-drinking-inactive class 2.67 (1.08–6.61)*
Hypertension
 Obese-inactive class (Ref)
 Relatively-healthy-lifestyle class 0.27 (0.20–0.36)***
 Obese-inactive-smoking class 1.74 (1.43–2.13)***
 Smoking-risky-drinking class 0.55 (0.45–0.67)***
 Obese-inactive class (Ref)
 Smoking-risky-drinking-inactive class 0.96 (0.78–1.18)
 Obese-inactive-smoking class 1.40 (1.13–1.75)**
 Obese-inactive class (Ref)
 Obese-inactive-smoking class 1.20 (0.94–1.53)
 Smoking-risky-drinking class 0.85 (0.52–1.39)
 Inactive class (Ref)
 Somewhat-inactive-some smoking class 1.16 (0.54–2.49)
 Smoking-risky-drinking-inactive class 0.83 (0.38–1.80)
  1. Controlling for age, gender, income, education, US nativity, and health insurance coverage
  2. aOR adjusted odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  3. ***p < 0.001
  4. **p < 0.01
  5. *p < .05