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Table 3 Demographic Profiles of Clustered Risk Behavior Classes among US adults ages 40–70

From: Associations of clustered health risk behaviors with diabetes and hypertension in White, Black, Hispanic, and Asian American adults

  Age Malea Marriedb College degree + c Family income US-bornd
aOR (95% CI) aOR (95% CI) aOR (95% CI) aOR (95% CI) aOR (95% CI) aOR (95% CI)
Whites (n = 20,774)
 Relatively-healthy-lifestyle class (Ref)  
 Obese-inactive class 1.02 (1.00–1.04)* 0.42 (0.31–0.57)*** 1.16 (0.86–1.55) 0.44 (0.35–0.57)*** 0.78 (0.75–0.82)***
 Obese-inactive-smoking class 1.08 (1.06–1.09)*** 1.35 (1.06–1.09)* 0.90 (0.59–1.16) 0.14 (0.10–0.18)*** 0.75 (0.71–0.79)***
 Smoking-risky-drinking class 0.98 (0.97–0.998)* 2.29 (1.82–2.89)*** 0.38 (0.30–0.50)*** 0.10 (0.08–0.13)*** 0.75 (0.71–0.79)***
Blacks (n = 7436)
 Obese-inactive class (Ref)
 Obese-inactive-smoking class 1.08 (1.07–1.09)*** 1.67 (1.34–2.08)*** 0.83 (0.68–1.01) 0.66 (0.51–0.86)** 1.00 (0.96–1.04)
 Smoking-risky-drinking-inactive class 1.00 (0.99–1.01) 4.05 (3.24–5.05)*** 0.49 (0.39–0.62)*** 0.27 (0.19–0.38)*** 0.85 (0.79–0.92)***
Hispanics (n = 5819)      
 Obese-inactive class (Ref)
 Obese-inactive-smoking class 1.04 (1.03–1.05)*** 2.76 (2.21–3.45)*** 0.76 (0.63–0.93)** 0.78 (0.55–1.10) 2.19 (1.69–2.83)*** 0.97 (0.92–1.03)
 Smoking-risky-drinking class 0.94 (0.91–0.96)*** 10.27 (6.48–16.28)*** 0.43 (0.30–0.64)*** 0.48 (0.25–0.95)* 4.71 (3.19–6.94)*** 1.03 (0.95–1.13)
Asians (n = 1293)
 Inactive class (Ref)
 Somewhat-inactive-some smoking class 0.99 (0.95–1.04) 18.73 (8.72–40.24)*** 0.86 (0.33–2.21) 1.89 (0.81–4.39) 1.30 (1.14–1.50)*** 5.33 (1.13–25.24)*
 Smoking-risky-drinking-inactive class 0.98 (0.93–1.05) 41.09 (13.71–123.65)*** 0.32 (0.14–0.74)** 0.06 (0.01–0.45)** 0.69 (0.48–0.996)* 16.34 (5.09–52.52)***
  1. aOR adjusted odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. aFemale as reference category
  3. bNever married/separated/divorced/widowed as reference category
  4. cNo 4-year college degree as reference category
  5. dForeign-born as reference category
  6. ***p < 0.001
  7. **p < 0.01
  8. *p < .05