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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics of US adults ages 40–70, NESARC Waves 2 and 3

From: Associations of clustered health risk behaviors with diabetes and hypertension in White, Black, Hispanic, and Asian American adults

  All (% (n))* Whites (%) Blacks (%) Hispanics (%) Asians (%) p
Male 44.0 (15,480) 49.0 45.0 48.3 46.4 **
Age (M/SD) 53.3 (0.07) 53.8 (7.7) 52.5 (11.3) 51.2 (10.2) 51.9 (7.2) ***
College degree+ 30.8 (9759) 33.6 19.5 15.9 48.5 ***
% above Poverty (M/SD) 403.6 (4.5) 446.9 (291.9) 281.4 (336.4) 260.0 (291.7) 397.2 (277.8) ***
Married 69.6 (19,713) 72.3 47.7 68.4 81.9 ***
Insured 82.6 (29,050) 84.8 80.2 67.4 81.0 ***
Alcohol consumption
 Lifetime abstainer 10.3 (3991) 7.3 15.8 16.0 29.7 ***
 Former drinker 21.0 (7831) 20.2 26.8 22.2 17.5  
  < 7 drinks/week 54.9 (18,502) 57.8 43.6 51.1 46.6  
 7- < 14 drinks/week 6.9 (2355) 7.5 5.8 5.2 3.0  
  > 14 drinks/week 7.0 (2498) 7.2 8.1 5.7 3.1  
Current Smoker 25.7 (9171) 27.5 27.3 17.3 13.8 ***
Former Smoker 25.2 (8349) 28.1 17.9 19.7 12.5  
Obese 33.7 (12,113) 32.9 44.7 37.5 10.9 ***
Inactive 32.3 (12,067) 30.5 38.2 34.9 39.4 ***
Diabetes 4284 (12.1) 9.8 17.1 14.7 10.4 ***
Hypertension 11,327 (32.2) 29.6 45.4 25.9 26.3 ***
US Nativity 85.3 (29,333) 95.8 90.0 39.8 18.2 ***
Hispanic ethnicitya
 Mexican   63.4  
 Puerto Rican   14.7  
 Cuban   6.1  
 Central American   5.5  
 South American   10.3  
Asian ethnicityb
 Chinese   24.8  
 Filipino   20.4  
 South Asian   20.0  
 Japanese   9.2  
 Korean   8.0  
 Vietnamese   10.2  
 Southeast Asian   5.8  
 Other   1.6  
  1. aCentral American ethnicities include Nicaraguan, Guatemalan, Belizean, Costa Rican, and Panamanian
  2. South American ethnicities include Brazilian, Chilean, Columbian
  3. bSouth Asian ethnicities include Indian, Afghanistani, and Pakistani
  4. Southeast Asian includes Cambodian, Laotian, and Thai
  5. *Weighted percentages and unweighted n’s
  6. ***p < .001
  7. **p < .01