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Table 3 Factors associated with Pentavalent 3 and Measles 1 vaccination dropouts

From: Determinants of pentavalent and measles vaccination dropouts among children aged 12–23 months in The Gambia

Vaccine Pentavalent dropout Measles dropout
OR 95% (CI) P-value aOR 95% (CI) P-value OR 95% (CI) P-value aOR 95% (CI) P-value
Sex of the child         
  Male 1.84 (0.97–3.51) 0.0618 1.97 (0.99–3.91) 0.0544 1.05 (0.66–1.66) 0.8387 1.08 (0.68–1.72) 0.7389
  Female 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
Birth order         
  1 1.31 (0.49–3.50) 0.5841 1.11 (0.23–5.40) 0.8995 1.62 (0.80–3.29) 0.1777 1.20 (0.42–3.43) 0.7386
  2–3 1.26 (0.53–3.01) 0.6034 1.02 (0.29–3.54) 0.9763 0.98 (0.51–1.91) 0.9588 0.74 (0.31–1.75) 0.4864
  4–5 1.23 (0.49–3.11) 0.6571 1.37 (0.44–4.30) 0.5896 1.28 (0.65–2.53) 0.4785 1.16 (0.54–2.52) 0.7068
  6+ 1.00   1.00     1.00  
Mother’s age (years)         
  15–24 0.93 (0.38–2.31) 0.8763 0.87 (0.21–3.64) 0.8520 1.25 (0.64–2.43) 0.5176 1.21 (0.46–3.22) 0.6989
  25–34 0.96 (0.45–2.07) 0.9232 0.98 (0.35–2.75) 0.9643 0.98 (0.55–1.76) 0.9498 1.01 (0.50–2.07) 0.9717
  35–49 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
Mother’s education         
  No formal education 0.79 (0.39–1.60) 0.5107 0.54 (0.22–1.31) 0.1726 0.99 (0.57–1.72) 0.9602 1.00 (0.53–1.90) 0.9903
  Primary education 0.77 (0.32–1.89) 0.5727 0.62 (0.22–1.77) 0.3710 1.19 (0.62–2.29) 0.6028 1.27 (0.62–2.57) 0.5134
  Secondary and higher 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
Husband’s education         
  No formal education 1.66 (0.78–3.55) 0.1878 2.70 (0.98–7.44) 0.0545 1.32 (0.76–2.27) 0.3242 1.79 (0.94–3.41) 0.0746
  Primary education 2.22 (0.68–7.28) 0.1869 3.02 (0.75–12.1) 0.1201 1.93 (0.78–4.79) 0.1576 2.32 (0.90–6.02) 0.0825
  Secondary and higher 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
Place of delivery         
  Home or other 1.07 (0.49–2.32) 0.8708 1.46 (0.62–3.43) 0.3823 1.36 (0.77–2.41) 0.2894 1.86 (1.02–3.40) 0.0429
  Health facility 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
Number of antenatal visits         
  <4 2.77 (1.40–5.45) 0.0034 2.44 (1.16–5.12) 0.0184 1.54 (0.89–2.70) 0.1240 1.46 (0.83–2.58) 0.1944
  4+ 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
Immunization card         
  No longer have a card 12.7 (3.95–40.0) <0.0001 12.4 (4.09–37.8) <0.0001 4.97 (1.79–12.7) 0.0020 3.99 (1.42–11.2) 0.0086
  Its whereabouts unknown 44.6 (12.1–163.9) <0.0001 32.7 (10.7–100.0) <0.0001 2.01 (0.52–7.72) 0.3111 1.79 (0.46–7.04) 0.4037
  Its whereabouts known 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
TTI during pregnancy         
  Not received 0.87 (0.32–2.34) 0.7764 0.68 (0.22–2.09) 0.5016 0.73 (0.33–1.58) 0.4123 0.55 (0.24–1.27) 0.1625
  Received 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
No of under-5 children         
  0–1 3.48 (1.63–7.43) 0.0013 1.72 (0.70–4.22) 0.2368 2.23 (1.25–3.96) 0.0064 1.64 (0.86–3.12) 0.1349
  2 1.29 (0.60–2.78) 0.5162 1.04 (0.50–2.41) 0.9267 0.91 (0.50–1.64) 0.7399 0.80 (0.43–1.48) 0.4726
  3+ 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
Household wealth         
  Poorest 1.74 (0.41–7.23) 0.4573 4.10 (0.65–26.0) 0.1341 0.41 (0.18–0.94) 0.0352 1.01 (0.31–3.36) 0.9852
  Poorer 1.79 (0.41–7.82) 0.4364 2.24 (0.45–11.2) 0.3251 0.61 (0.26–1.42) 0.2524 0.79 (0.29–2.14) 0.6426
  Middle 1.78 (0.42–7.50) 0.4348 0.97 (0.21–4.47) 0.9735 0.61 (0.26–1.41) 0.2477 0.45 (0.18–1.14) 0.0912
  Richer 2.21 (0.50–9.82) 0.2978 1.08 (0.23–5.07) 0.9235 0.80 (0.33–1.92) 0.6137 0.63 (0.25–1.57) 0.3209
  Richest 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
Amount of media exposure        
  0 0.89 (0.14–5.66) 0.9029 0.88 (0.10–7.51) 0.9072 0.74 (0.17–3.33) 0.6970 0.85 (0.17–4.14) 0.8353
  1 1.41 (0.29–6.91) 0.6696 1.56 (0.24–10.4) 0.6433 1.54 (0.42–5.56) 0.5129 1.68 (0.43–6.52) 0.4527
  2 1.00 (0.21–4.78) 0.9989 0.86 (0.14–5.51) 0.8766 1.33 (0.38–4.72) 0.6556 1.36 (0.37–5.06) 0.6461
  3 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
Distance to the health facility        
  Big problem 1.64 (0.77–3.50) 0.2038 1.33 (0.58–3.04) 0.4988 1.54 (0.87–2.74) 0.1367 1.22 (0.67–2.22) 0.5134
  Not a big problem 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
Place of residence         
  Urban 3.15 (1.54–6.47) 0.0018 9.30 (2.80–30.9) 0.0003 3.62 (2.15–6.09) <0.0001 6.24 (2.69–14.5) <0.0001
  Rural 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
Local government area         
  Banjul 2.68 (0.63–11.3) 0.1799 1.27 (0.29–5.62) 0.7474 2.33 (0.79–6.80) 0.1241 1.02 (0.35–2.94) 0.9721
  Kanifing 2.67 (0.75–9.38) 0.1289 1.49 (0.39–5.63) 0.5601 1.12 (0.39–3.20) 0.8361 0.52 (0.18–1.48) 0.2200
  Brikama 1.56 (0.47–5.12) 0.4668 0.64 (0.19–2.16) 0.4730 1.56 (0.66–3.68) 0.3106 0.85 (0.37–1.94) 0.6941
  Mansakonko 0.58 (0.10–3.31) 0.5362 0.53 (0.09–3.17) 0.4881 0.41 (0.11–1.50) 0.1760 0.56 (0.16–1.97) 0.3638
  Kerewan 0.20 (0.02–1.78) 0.1473 0.19 (0.02–1.80) 0.1466 0.75 (0.27–2.06) 0.5764 1.09 (0.44–2.73) 0.8509
  Kuntaur 1.09 (0.29–4.06) 0.8938 1.04 (0.28–3.90) 0.9586 0.85 (0.32–2.26) 0.7421 1.34 (0.54–3.37) 0.5286
  Janjanbureh 3.31 (1.02–10.8) 0.0472 3.17 (0.97–10.3) 0.0559 0.70 (0.24–2.01 0.5014 0.86 (0.32–2.30) 0.7554
  Basse 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00