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Table 1 Eligibility criteria

From: Facilitators and barriers for lifestyle change in people with prediabetes: a meta-synthesis of qualitative studies

Criteria Inclusion Exclusion Search Element ͣ
Population • People who recently (within one year) have been screened for risk of developing type 2 diabetes and diagnosed with prediabetes detected by measuring HbA1c level or fasting plasma glucose, or with an oral glucose tolerance test [32]
Note: If Studies had a mixed population of both type 2 diabetes and prediabetes, and their findings on participants with prediabetes and type 2 diabetes could be read separately. We would include their study data on prediabetes participants
• People aged > 18 years and over living in a home-based environment
• People diagnosed with type 2 diabetes
• Women with gestational diabetes
Prediabetic State
Impaired fasting glucose
Glucose intolerance
Insulin resistance
Phenomenon of interest With respect to the individual, interpersonal, and societal level:
• Facilitators and barriers of initial lifestyle change
• Facilitators and barriers of lifestyle change maintenance
  Health behaviour change
Lifestyle change
Setting • The informants live in home-based environments and receive or have received support from health care providers within the community health care setting regarding lifestyle change
• The informants may or may not have participated in a structured community-based lifestyle intervention program
• Studies reporting from hospital or institutional settings exclusively Lifestyle intervention program
Health behaviour intervention program
Study design • Studies with qualitative analysis based on data from interviewing people at risk of developing type 2 diabetes
• Mixed methods studies where the qualitative results are clearly separated from the quantitative data
• Qualitative studies where no human subjects participated and studies with primarily observational methods
• Studies not published in peer reviewed journals
Qualitative studies
Time frame • No set time frame   
Language • Studies written in English and Scandinavian • All other languages  
  1. ͣAll Mesh terms and text words are listed in the search string in Additional file 1