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Table 1 Biological and poisoning characteristics of patients exposed: observed and expected values in the lockdown period (March–May 2020)

From: Significant variations of dangerous exposures during COVID-19 pandemic in Italy: a possible association with the containment measures implemented to reduce the virus transmission

Variables March–May 2020
(Lockdown period)
% of increase p-value (χ2)
Observed
N.
Expected
N.
Gender
 Male 1293 1325.9 −2.5 .077
 Female 1233 1223.5 + 0.8 .599
 Unknown 0.5 −100 1
Age class (years)
  < 1 65 70.4 −7.7 .208
 1–5 959 933.2 + 2.8 .099
 6–10 80 82.8 −3.4 .544
 11–19 96 117.0 −17.9 .0003
 20–65 1020 1027.3 −0.7 .659
 66+ 247 258.4 −4.4 .156
 Unknown 59 54.8 + 7.7 .291
Circumstance
 Inadvertent 2181 2187.5 −0.3 .786
 Occupational 118 133.6 −11.7 .011
 Intentional 328 339.6 −3.4 .242
 Unknown 17 17.4 −2.3 .839
Caller
 Hospital 1279 1433.5 −10.8 <.001
 Non-hospital 1247 1128.3 + 10.5 <.001
 Citizen 1083 971.1 + 11.5 <.001
Route of exposure
 Ingestion 1701 1709.5 −0.5 .693
 Inhalation 393 409.1 −3.9 .114
 Dermal 197 208.5 −5.5 .103
 Ocular 166 155.5 +6.8 .083
 Injection 8 8.7 −8.0 *.745
Symptoms
 Yes 1413 1451.9 −2.7 .047
 Minor 1102 1105.1 −0.3 .856
 Moderate 288 320.4 −10.1 .0002
 Severe-Fatal 23 27.0 −14.8 .139
Total 2526 2544.9 −0.7 .467
  1. *Fisher Exact Test