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Table 2 Comparison of mental health, adaptive behaviours, social support, perceived stress concerns, health status, digital media usage, and change in circumstances between younger and older adults

From: A comparative study on mental health and adaptability between older and younger adults during the COVID-19 circuit breaker in Singapore

  Younger adults Older adults t p Cohen’s d
M SD M SD    
Depression 9.40 3.19 7.75 1.73 7.89  < .01** .64
Anxiety 8.29 2.16 7.49 1.21 5.61  < .01** .46
Stress 9.75 3.34 8.02 1.96 7.73  < .01** .63
Run Essential Activity 4.12 .56 3.81 .67 .31  < .01** .52
Adaptability 3.75 .54 3.87 .48 -2.74  < .01** .24
Social Support 4.31 .56 4.32 .63 -.11 .91 .00
Perceived Stress Concerns 3.03 .78 2.68 .80 -5.51  < .01** .45
Health Status 3.47 .82 3.12 .78 5.28  < .01** .43
Digital media usage
Time spent on internet (min/day) 433.27 248.81 146.40 159.04 16.84  < .01** 1.38
Ability to use digital platforms to keep up with pandemic news 4.22 .75 3.28 1.37 10.50  < .01** .86
Ability to use digital platforms to meet personal needs 4.17 .78 3.37 1.14 10.04  < .01** .82
Change in circumstances
Health Status 3.04 .64 3.02 .46 .43 .67 .04
Finance 2.70 .70 2.85 .58 -2.90  < .01** .24
Stress levels 2.81 .70 2.94 .53 -2.62  < .01** .21
General living 2.95 .57 2.96 .44 -.39 .69 .03
  1. ** p < .01