Skip to main content

Table 2 Association between social environment characteristics and suicide rate in the total population and at different urbanization levels

From: Suicide rate and social environment characteristics in South Korea: the roles of socioeconomic, demographic, urbanicity, general health behaviors, and other environmental factors on suicide rate

  Total Low-density areas Mid-density areas High-density areas
% of population aged 65 and older eligible for the basic pension 0.09 (0.04, 0.14)* 0.08 (-0.10, 0.26) 0.08 (0.02, 0.14)* 0.09 (0.03, 0.14)*
% vacant houses in the area 0.16 (0.07, 0.25)* 0.34 (0.13, 0.54)* 0.03 (-0.09, 0.15) 0.20 (0.04, 0.35)*
% divorce 1.88 (0.99, 2.76)* -2.23 (-4.47, 0.01) 3.81 (2.70, 4.92)* 4.13 (2.98, 5.28)*
% single elderly households 0.05 (-0.02, 0.12) -0.32 (-0.66, 0.02) 0.06 (0.00, 0.12)* 0.13 (-0.08, 0.34)
% detached houses 0.04 (0.02, 0.06)* 0.03 (-0.04, 0.11) 0.09 (0.06, 0.11)* -0.01 (-0.05, 0.03)
% of people who regularly participated in religious activities -0.11 (-0.17, -0.05)* -0.05 (-0.17, 0.07) -0.25 (-0.32, -0.18)* 0.02 (-0.06, 0.10)
Number of sports facilities per 1,000 persons -2.85 (-6.23, 0.52) -3.66 (-8.59, 1.26) -2.60 (-13.87, 8.67) -35.12 (-68.55, -1.74)*
Park area per person (km2) -0.01 (-0.02, 0.00) 0.04 (-0.01, 0.08) -0.01 (-0.02, 0.00) -0.01 (-0.03, 0.00)*
% current smokers 0.17 (0.06, 0.28)* 0.20 (-0.06, 0.47) 0.07 (-0.09, 0.22) 0.11 (0.00, 0.22)*
% of people exhibiting high-risk drinking -0.05 (-0.13, 0.03) -0.02 (-0.19, 0.14) -0.05 (-0.16, 0.06) -0.01 (-0.09, 0.08)
% of population with recognized stress -0.01 (-0.07, 0.06) 0.02 (-0.12, 0.16) 0.02 (-0.08, 0.11) 0.04 (-0.02, 0.11)
% of population with obesity 0.09 (0.00, 0.18) 0.01 (-0.20, 0.21) 0.01 (-0.13, 0.15) 0.02 (-0.09, 0.12)
  1. Note) Numbers: Changes in suicide rate per 100,000 persons (95% credible interval). Seventy six districts with average population densities in the range 19.8–136.2 persons per km2 (corresponding to the 0th–33.3th percentiles) were categorized as low-density areas, 77 districts with average population densities in the range 136.8–2077.1 persons per km2 (corresponding to the 33.3th –66.7th percentiles) were regarded as mid-density areas, and the remaining 77 districts with population densities in the range 2811.0–28,081.1 persons per km2 (corresponding to the 66.7th –100th percentiles) were classified as high-density areas
  2. *p < 0.05