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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of suicide rates and social environment characteristics in the total population and at different urbanization levels

From: Suicide rate and social environment characteristics in South Korea: the roles of socioeconomic, demographic, urbanicity, general health behaviors, and other environmental factors on suicide rate

  Total Low-density areas Mid-density areas High-density areas
Total suicide rate 27.07 (18.30, 37.86) 29.74 (17.50, 44.10) 27.43 (19.21, 36.40) 24.04 (18.15, 30.60)
Male suicide rate 38.59 (25.00, 55.10) 42.64 (23.14, 64.30) 39.31 (27.70, 54.29) 33.83 (24.70, 43.90)
Female suicide rate 16.21 (7.59, 25.90) 16.95 (3.70, 32.71) 16.40 (9.10, 24.90) 15.29 (9.80, 21.15)
Aged 10 ~ 39y suicide rate 20.17 (9.92, 32.17) 22.17 (5.29, 41.74) 20.01 (11.50, 29.85) 18.34 (12.29, 24.59)
Aged 40 ~ 59y suicide rate 36.84 (22.08, 54.90) 41.70 (19.40, 66.34) 36.97 (23.83, 51.23) 31.86 (22.40, 42.28)
Aged 60 + y suicide rate 56.89 (30.89, 88.85) 59.32 (26.75, 99.55) 60.75 (35.21, 93.33) 50.62 (32.10, 71.99)
% of population aged 65 and older eligible for the basic pension 70.50 (56.94, 84.46) 80.65 (72.31, 86.54) 68.65 (59.74, 78.45) 62.21 (48.24, 73.73)
% vacant houses in the area 8.49 (2.68, 14.55) 12.57 (8.80, 16.51) 8.77 (4.54, 13.60) 4.14 (1.90, 7.24)
% divorce 2.19 (1.70, 2.70) 2.07 (1.70, 2.50) 2.33 (1.90, 2.80) 2.17 (1.70, 2.70)
% single elderly households 21.22 (14.94, 28.48) 25.84 (20.10, 30.97) 20.24 (14.07, 25.11) 17.59 (14.10, 21.97)
% detached houses 44.33 (10.10, 87.15) 77.43 (61.54, 90.47) 36.28 (14.42, 62.84) 19.28 (6.33, 35.26)
% of people who regularly participated in religious activities 25.15 (16.55, 34.10) 22.36 (14.10, 30.60) 25.33 (16.70, 34.00) 27.76 (20.15, 35.08)
Number of sports facilities per 1,000 persons 0.05 (0.00, 0.11) 0.09 (0.02, 0.19) 0.04 (0.01, 0.07) 0.01 (0.00, 0.01)
Park area per person (km2) 22.66 (2.73, 41.42) 26.47 (9.68, 49.65) 31.09 (8.27, 60.37) 10.47 (0.62, 22.82)
% current smokers 23.89 (19.96, 27.84) 24.05 (20.40, 27.80) 24.13 (19.94, 28.20) 23.49 (19.70, 27.45)
% of people exhibiting high-risk drinking 17.91 (12.60, 22.90) 17.93 (11.40, 24.30) 18.24 (13.14, 23.00) 17.57 (13.50, 21.30)
% of population with recognized stress 27.00 (20.66, 32.60) 24.36 (18.20, 30.50) 27.68 (22.54, 32.50) 28.97 (24.30, 33.40)
% of population with obesity 26.52 (20.60, 34.74) 26.95 (20.35, 35.70) 27.14 (21.20, 35.26) 25.46 (20.30, 33.00)
  1. Note) Numbers: Average (10th percentile, 90th percentile). Seventy six districts with average population densities in the range 19.8–136.2 persons per km2 (corresponding to the 0th–33.3th percentiles) were categorized as low-density areas, 77 districts with average population densities in the range 136.8–2077.1 persons per km2 (corresponding to the 33.3th –66.7th percentiles) were regarded as mid-density areas, and the remaining 77 districts with population densities in the range 2811.0–28,081.1 persons per km2 (corresponding to the 66.7th –100th percentiles) were classified as high-density areas