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Table 3 Conceptual framework of the impact of culturally-safe physical activity promotion strategies. Depicts how contextual factors and cultural safety design features of PA promotion strategies may influence a range of impacts

From: The design and impact of culturally-safe community-based physical activity promotion for immigrant women: descriptive review

CONTEXT + MECHANISMS OUTCOMES
• Gender (roles, identities)
• Intersectional factors (age, ethnicity, culture, education, literacy)
• Personal, ethno-cultural, socioeconomic, family or environmental factors that facilitate or challenge physical activity
  CULTURAL SAFETY
Content
• Preferred language
• Linguistic expressions
• Physical activity options
• Solutions to barriers
• Community resources
Format
• Educational sessions
• Didactic and interactive elements
• Visual aids
• Take-home educational material
Delivery
• In-person
• Group sessions
• Follow-up: one-one-one sessions or reminder phone calls
Timing
• Multiple sessions
• Spaced over weeks or months
• Make-up sessions
Personnel
• Co-design/community-based participatory research
• Community settings/organizations
• Led by lay health workers
  • Knowledge about physical activity benefits and options
• Self-efficacy to participate in physical activity
• Intent to participate in physical activity
• Physical activity (self-reported or objectively-measured)
• Anthropometrics (e.g. weight, BMI, waist circumference, blood pressure, blood glucose, cholesterol)
• Quality of life