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Table 3 Gains and losses: how did the hybrid program function?a

From: What helps older people persevere with yoga classes? A realist process evaluation of a COVID-19-affected yoga program for fall prevention

Intervention activities

What did we do?


Who did it work for?


How did it work?

Our response to COVID-19 transformed SAGE from a studio-based yoga program to a hybrid studio/online program

Attempts to minimise the impact of social restrictions included offering online yoga classes with the same group and instructor, 1:1 check-ins with instructors, tech support and a WhatsApp forum for each group

∙ COVID-19 restrictions impacted everyone. For some, restrictions made SAGE’s accessibility and purposeful structure more valuable

∙ The hybrid program worked best for those who:

  a. Believed that online instruction was effective. This was aided by embedding yoga fundamentals and forming trust in instructors during early studio classes

  b. Had conducive home environments with sufficient space and lack of distraction

∙ Muted classes aided focus but impeded communication so worked best for people who didn’t want/need to ask questions during classes

∙ The online platform prevented incidental social chat, disadvantaging those who liked conversation, but camaraderie established in studio classes held

∙ Poor visibility in online classes disadvantaged those who liked to benchmark physical competence or peer check poses

∙ Accessibility +

∙ Convenience +

∙ Purposeful structure +

∙ Continuity +

∙ Value expectancy +/−

∙ Embodiment +/−

∙ Mindfulness +/−

∙ Therapeutic alliance +/−

∙ Achievement/Mastery +/−

∙ Gratitude +/−

∙ Momentum +/−

∙ Accountability +/−

∙ Shared experience +/−

∙ Social connection -

∙ Social comparison -

∙ Peer checking -

  1. aOutcomes for Gains and losses are the same as those shown above in Table 2