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Table 3 Mean and standard deviations of acceptance of violence for sociodemographic and violence variables at baseline

From: Evaluation of the lights4violence program: reduction in machismo and acceptance of violence among adolescents in Europe

  Girls Boys
Control   Intervention Control Intervention
Pre-test Post-test   Pre-test Post-test   Pre-test Post-test   Pre-test Post-test  
Mean (SD) Mean (SD) p-value Mean (SD) Mean (SD) p-value Mean (SD) Mean (SD) p-value Mean (SD) Mean (SD) p-value
Age
 <  = 13 years 4.2 (3.1) 5.6 (3.3) < 0.001* 4.3 (2.9) 5.0 (3.3) 0.026* 7.0 (3.5) 7.1 (3.0) 0.69 7.2 (3.3) 8.0 (3.0) 0.11
 > 13 years 4.2 (3.1) 4.8 (3.5) < 0.001* 4.0 (3.0) 4.4 (3.4) 0.019* 7.6 (3.2) 8.0 (3.2) 0.09 7.3 (3.1) 7.6 (3.1) 0.35
Mother’s education
 Primary and lower 3.3 (2.7) 3.8 (3.2) 0.33 4.8 (3.3) 5.1 (3.8) 0.64 7.0 (2.6) 7.1 (2.8) 0.81 7.3 (2.9) 7.6 (2.8) 0.57
 Secondary-superior 4.3 (3.1) 5.1 (3.5) < 0.001* 4.0 (2.9) 4.5 (3.3) 0.001* 7.6 (3.4) 7.9 (3.2) 0.11 7.5 (3.2) 7.8 (3.1) 0.089
Dating violence experience
 I have never been in a dating relationship 3.8 (2.9) 4.7 (3.3) < 0.001* 3.5 (2.7) 4.1 (3.3) 0.021* 6.8 (3.6) 7.1 (3.6) 0.23 6.7 (3.7) 7.9 (3.5) 0.002*
 Yes 5.0 (3.2) 5.6 (3.6) 0.09 4.9 (3.2) 5.0 (3.5) 0.96 7.9 (3.0) 8.2 (2.9) 0.68 7.5 (3.3) 7.8 (3.2) 0.50
 No 4.3 (3.2) 5.0 (3.5) 0.005* 4.2 (2.9) 4.9 (3.3) 0.006* 7.8 (3.1) 8.1 (2.8) 0.25 7.8 (2.9) 7.7 (2.8) 0.24
Parents social support
 <  = 54 4.8 (3.2) 5.4 (3.7) 0.001* 4.7 (3.1) 5.0 (3.4) 0.23 7.5 (3.1) 8.2 (3.2) 0.009* 7.8 (3.3) 8.2 (3.3) 0.16
 > 54 3.6 (2.8) 4.5 (3.2) < 0.001* 3.4 (2.7) 4.2 (3.2) 0.001* 7.4 (3.5) 7.4 (3.1) 0.83 7.2 (3.1) 7.5 (2.9) 0.24
Teachers social support
 Low <  = 50 4.5 (3.2) 5.1 (3.5) 0.001* 4.6 (3.1) 4.7 (3.4) 0.42 7.6 (2.9) 7.7 (3.2) 0.59 8.0 (3.2) 7.9 (3.4) 0.76
 High > 50 3.8 (2.9) 4.8 (3.4) < 0.001* 3.7 (2.8) 4.5 (3.3) < 0.001* 7.4 (3.6) 7.8 (3.1) 0.055 7.0 (3.1) 7.7 (2.8) 0.017*
Aggression Questionnaire Refined
 Low <  = 27 3.3 (2.6) 4.1 (3.0) < 0.001* 3.1 (2.4) 4.1 (3.1) < 0.001* 6.4 (3.4) 6.6 (3.3) 0.34 6.7 (3.0) 7.1 (3.0) 0.11
 High > 27 5.2 (3.3) 6.0 (3.6) < 0.001* 5.0 (3.1) 5.1 (3.5) 0.83 8.3 (3.0) 8.6 (2.7) 0.18 8.2 (3.2) 8.5 (3.0) 0.27
Empathy
 Low <  = 8 4.3 (3.0) 4.6 (3.4) 0.16 4.3 (2.9) 5.1 (3.2) 0.001* 7.5 (3.2) 7.8 (3.1) 0.34 7.9 (3.3) 7.9 (3.3) 0.95
 High > 8 4.1 (3.2) 5.1 (3.5) < 0.001* 4.0 (3.0) 4.3 (3.4) 0.10 7.4 (3.4) 7.7 (3.3) 0.18 7.1 (3.0) 7.7 (2.9) 0.017*
 Total 4.18 (3.08) 4.96 (3.44) < 0.001* 4.11 (2.94) 4.62 (3.34) 0.001* 7.45 (3.30) 7.74 (3.16) 0.102 7.42 (3.16) 7.78 (3.07) 0.073
  1. *p < 0.05