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Table 2 Mean and standard deviations of machismo for sociodemographic and violence variables at baseline

From: Evaluation of the lights4violence program: reduction in machismo and acceptance of violence among adolescents in Europe

  Girls Boys
Control   Intervention Control Intervention
Pre-test Post-test   Pre-test Post-test   Pre-test Post-test   Pre-test Post-test  
Mean (SD) Mean (SD) p-value Mean (SD) Mean (SD) p-value Mean (SD) Mean (SD) p-value Mean (SD) Mean (SD) p-value
Age
  <  = 13 years 5.3 (5.9) 4.4 (4.5) 0.10 5.4 (5.8) 5.8 (6.6) 0.49 8.6 (7.3) 7.0 (6.5) 0.06 8.7 (8.2) 9.3 (8.4) 0.44
 > 13 years 5.8 (5.8) 6.1 (5.8) 0.73 6.5 (5.8) 6.5 (6.8) 0.81 12.0 (8.8) 11.2 (8.2) 0.19 11.2 (7.9) 11.2 (8.9) 0.98
Mother’s education
 Primary and lower 7.8 (8.4) 6.3 (7.3) 0.29 8.7 (7.8) 8.7 (8.9) 0.97 15.0 (10.6) 13.0 (8.3) 0.24 12.9 (9.6) 12.5 (11.2) 0.81
 Secondary-superior 5.5 (5.3) 5.5 (3.3) 0.85 5.6 (5.3) 5.9 (6.2) 0.47 10.4 (8.0) 9.6 (7.8) 0.08 9.5 (7.7) 9.9 (8.0) 0.32
Dating violence experience
 I have never been in a dating relationship 4.7 (4.5) 4.8 (4.6) 0.84 5.1 (5.3) 5.7 (6.5) 0.21 8.6 (7.8) 7.5 (7.0) 0.08 8.6 (6.6) 9.8 (8.2) 0.23
 Yes 7.7 (6.6) 7.7 (7.3) 1 8.6 (7.2) 8.2 (7.9) 0.69 15.4 (8.6) 12.1 (6.8) 0.019* 13.1 (8.6) 12.1 (8.4) 0.23
 No 6.0 (6.3) 5.4 (5.3) 0.31 5.6 (5.1) 5.9 (6.3) 0.60 11.2 (8.3) 11.1 (8.5) 0.93 10.1 (8.6) 10.2 (9.1) 0.84
Parents social support
 <  = 54 6.6 (5.8) 6.2 (6.0) 0.34 7.1 (6.3) 7.2 (7.0) 0.75 11.5 (8.0) 11.4 (8.0) 0.80 11.6 (8.1) 11.5 (8.6) 0.82
 > 54 4.8 (5.3) 4.8 (4.9) 0.83 5.0 (5.0) 5.3 (6.3) 0.56 10.4 (8.9) 8.6 (7.6) 0.017* 8.9 (7.9) 9.5 (8.7) 0.32
Teachers social support
 Low <  = 50 6.0 (5.8) 5.8 (5.9) 0.67 6.8 (6.4) 6.6 (7.0) 0.71 11.8 (8.2) 10.5 (7.7) 0.12 12.4 (8.9) 11.0 (8.5) 0.07
 High > 50 5.3 (5.5) 5.2 (5.1) 0.75 5.5 (5.2) 6.0 (6.5) 0.81 10.2 (8.7) 9.4 (8.0) 0.16 8.4 (7.1) 9.9 (8.8) 0.01*
Aggression Questionnaire Refined
 Low <  = 27 4.0 (3.8) 4.2 (4.4) 0.55 3.7 (3.6) 4.3 (4.6) 0.09 7.7 (8.1) 6.9 (7.1) 0.27 6.5 (5.8) 7.4 (7.3) 0.21
 High > 27 7.6 (6.8) 7.1 (6.2) 0.32 8.2 (6.5) 8.0 (7.8) 0.83 13.4 (7.9) 12.2 (7.7) 0.068 13.7 (8.6) 13.4 (9.0) 0.69
Empathy
 Low <  = 8 6.0 (5.1) 5.7 (5.6) 0.52 6.5 (6.2) 7.2 (7.0) 0.22 11.3 (8.8) 9.4 (7.6) 0.025* 11.0 (8.6) 11.4 (8.3) 0.65
 High > 8 5.6 (6.0) 5.5 (5.5) 0.83 5.7 (5.5) 5.6 (6.4) 0.77 10.7 (8.3) 10.4 (8.2) 0.63 9.5 (7.8) 9.7 (9.0) 0.72
 Total 5.70 (5.66) 5.55 (5.50) 0.598 6.06 (5.79) 6.27 (6.74) 0.527 10.94 (8.47) 9.92 (7.9) 0.036* 10.02 (8.1) 10.31 (8.67) 0.528
  1. *p < 0.05