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Table 1 Characteristics of the study population

From: The degree of consistency of applying parental dietary and sedentary behavior rules as indicators for overweight in children: a cross-sectional study

  Parents with a child 4–7 years of age
N (%)
Parents with a child 8–12 years of age
N (%)
Chi-square
p-value
Gender of child
 Male 1065 (51.2) 1406 (50.5)  
 Female 1014 (48.8) 1380 (49.5) 0.600
Ethnicity of the child
 Caucasiana 1656 (83.8) 2286 (85.3)  
 Non-Caucasianb 321 (16.2) 393 (14.7) 0.142
Education level of the parents
 Low 478 (26.9) 759 (32.0)  
 Middle 763 (42.9) 990 (41.7)  
 High 536 (30.2) 626 (26.4) 0.001
Dietary behavior rules
  Snacks
   Strict 979 (47.1) 1179 (42.3)  
   Indulgent 794 (38.2) 1220 (43.8)  
   No rules 306 (14.7) 387 (13.9)  < 0.001
  Sugar-sweetened beverages
   Strict 844 (40.6) 1120 (40.2)  
   Indulgent 647 (31.1) 982(35.2)  
   No rules 588 (28.3) 684 (24.6) 0.002
  Fruit
   Strict 1278 (61.5) 1449 (52.0)  
   Indulgent 383 (18.4) 756(27.1)  
   No rules 418 (20.1) 581 (20.9)  < 0.001
  Vegetables
   Strict 1358 (65.3) 1838 (66.0)  
   Indulgent 435 (20.9) 584(21.0)  
   No rules 286 (13.8) 364 (13.1) 0.777
  Breakfast
   Strict 1829 (88.0) 2459 (88.3)  
   Indulgent 116 (5.6) 161(5.8)  
   No rules 134 (6.5) 166 (6.0) 0.759
Sedentary behavior rules
  Watching television
   Strict 507 (24.4) 607(21.8)  
   Indulgent 729 (35.1) 1064 (38.2)  
   No rules 843 (40.5) 1115 (40.0) 0.041
  Using the computer
   Strict 727 (35.0) 916(32.9)  
   Indulgent 613 (29.5) 1003 (36.0)  
   No rules 739 (35.5) 867 (31.1)  < 0.001
Dietary behavior of the child
 Sugar-sweetened beverages (< 2 glasses/day) 701 (35.3) 974 (36.4) 0.446
 Fruit (7 days/week) 1293 (65.0) 1370 (51.0)  < 0.001
 Vegetables (7 days/week) 823 (41.5) 1156 (43.1) 0.281
 Eating breakfast (7 days week) 1955 (98.3) 2608 (97. 1) 0.008
Sedentary behavior of the child
 Total screen time (≤ 120 min per day) 1645 (83.5) 1568 (58.9)  < 0.001
Weight status of the child
 Not overweight 1668 (87.5) 2297 (89.4)  
 Overweight 238 (12.5) 271 (10.6) 0.044
  1. aCaucasian are native Dutch children (non-immigrant) or children with a western migration background
  2. bNon-Caucasian are children with a non-western migration background