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Table 1 Participant characteristics

From: Treatment initiation among tuberculosis patients: the role of short message service (SMS) technology and Ward-based outreach teams (WBOTs)

Sociodemographic Characteristics SOC (n = 104) SMS (n = 105) WBOTs (n = 105)
Age category
 <= 30 years n (%) 21 (20) 21 (20) 26 (25)
 31 to 45 years n (%) 55 (53) 57 (54) 60 (57)
 46 to 60 years n (%) 18 (17) 21 (20) 13 (12)
 More than 60 years n (%) 10 (10) 6 (6) 6 (6)
 Median age; years (IQR) 37 (31–49) 39 (32–46) 37 (31–42)
BMI range
 BMI < 18.5 n (%) 21 (20) 19 (18) 21 (20)
 BMI > =18.5 & BMI < 25 n (%) 47 (45) 58 (55) 52 (49)
 BMI > =25 & BMI < 30 n (%) 28 (27) 19 (18) 27 (26)
 BMI > =30 n (%) 8 (8) 9 (9) 5 (5)
 Median BMI; kg/m2 (IQR) 22.6 (19.1–26.2) 22.4 (19.4–25.1) 22.4 (19.1–26.0)
Gender
 Male n (%) 57 (55) 62 (59) 64 (61)
 Female n (%) 47 (45) 43 (41) 41 (39)
Marital status
 Not married n (%) 86 (83) 87 (83) 86 (82)
 Married n (%) 18 (17) 18 (17) 19 (18)
Highest level of education attained
 Primary or lower n (%) 29 (28) 23 (22) 25 (24)
 Secondary or higher n (%) 75 (72) 82 (78) 80 (76)
Employment
 Not employed n (%) 45 (43) 50 (48) 47 (45)
 Employed n (%) 59 (57) 55 (52) 58 (55)
Financial status
 Median monthly income; ZAR (IQR) 4000 (3000–6500) 4300 (3000–5500) 4400 (3500–5500)
 Median # supporting financially (IQR) 1 (0–2) 1 (0–3) 1 (0–2)
Time to clinic
 <= 30 min 72 (69) 73 (70) 70 (67)
 >  30 min 32 (31) 32 (30) 35 (33)
Alcohol consumption
 No 59 (57) 62 (59) 60 (57)
 Yes 45 (43) 43 (41) 45 (43)
Smoking
 No 70 (67) 58 (55) 63 (60)
 Yes 34 (33) 47 (45) 42 (40)
TB knowledge
 None or little (<=2 correct answers) 39 (38) 36 (34) 41 (39)
 Adequate (> = 3 correct answers) 65 (62) 69 (66) 64 (61)
Cough duration
 Less than 2 weeks 45 (43) 47 (45) 45 (43)
 2 weeks or longer 59 (57) 58 (55) 60 (57)
Prior consultation
 No 85 (82) 79 (75) 84 (80)
 Yes 19 (18) 26 (25) 21 (20)
Severity of TB symptoms
 Mild 82 (79) 84 (80) 85 (81)
 Not mild 22 (21) 21 (20) 20 (19)
History of TB
 No 86 (83) 86 (82) 83 (79)
 Yes 18 (17) 19 (18) 22 (21)
HIV status
 Positive 52 (50) 41 (39) 43 (41)
 Negative 43 (41) 41 (39) 38 (36)
 Unknown 9 (9) 23 (22) 24 (23)
On ARTb (n = 136)
 No 33 (63) 24 (59) 21 (49)
 Yes 19 (37) 17 (41) 22 (51)
Comorbidities
 Diabetes 6 (6) 4 (4) 6 (6)
 CVSa problem 12 (12) 5 (5) 2 (2)
 Epilepsy 2 (2) 1 (1) 0 (0)
 Asthma 1 (1) 4 (4) 0 (0)
Comorbidities including HIV
 No 44 (42) 60 (57) 57 (54)
 Yes 60 (58) 45 (43) 48 (46)
  1. aCVS cardiovascular, bART Antiretroviral therapy