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Table 2 Bivariate analysis of categorical variables associated with physical, mental, and emotional work fatigue scores

From: Work fatigue among Lebanese physicians and students during the COVID-19 pandemic: validation of the 3D-Work Fatigue Inventory (3D-WFI) and correlates

Variable Physical work fatigue p Effect size Mental work fatigue p Effect size Emotional work fatigue p Effect size
Gender   0.883 0.014   0.958 0.005   0.601 0.052
 Male 20.17 ± 5.95    19.39 ± 6.00    19.28 ± 6.74   
 Female 20.08 ± 6.07    19.36 ± 5.76    18.93 ± 6.67   
Marital status   < 0.001 0.463   < 0.001 0.454   0.09 0.182
 Single/ widowed /divorced 21.01 ± 5.84    20.22 ± 5.77    19.53 ± 6.68   
 Married 18.29 ± 5.90    17.60 ± 5.77    18.31 ± 6.70   
Living situation   0.175 0.093   0.383 0.069   0.833 0.030
 With the family 20.25 ± 5.79    19.41 ± 5.85    19.22 ± 6.71   
 With a flat mate 21.41 ± 6.07    20.56 ± 5.75    19.26 ± 6.10   
 Alone 19.02 ± 6.86    18.69 ± 6.18    18.66 ± 6.99   
Medical rank   < 0.001 0.336   < 0.001 0.346   < 0.001 0.225
 Attending physician 18.21 ± 6.15    17.60 ± 6.04    19.27 ± 6.84   
 Resident 20.01 ± 5.62    19.01 ± 5.37    17.52 ± 6.31   
 Intern 23.10 ± 5.08    22.49 ± 5.19    21.28 ± 6.49   
Specialty   0.665 0.045   0.145 0.098   0.448 0.063
 Medical 19.96 ± 6.12    19.15 ± 5.90    18.55 ± 7.02   
 Surgical 19.77 ± 5.97    18.52 ± 6.07    18.90 ± 6.71   
 Other 20.39 ± 5.96    19.91 ± 5.77    19.54 ± 6.54   
Monthly income (in LBP)   < 0.001 0.252   < 0.001 0.244   0.545 0.055
 < 3 million 21.52 ± 5.53    20.69 ± 5.56    19.30 ± 6.65   
 Between 3 and 10 million 18.65 ± 6.05    18.23 ± 6.02    18.38 ± 6.62   
 > 10 million 18.53 ± 6.20    17.68 ± 5.86    19.35 ± 6.89   
Pressure from economic instability   0.196 0.133   0.577 0.057   0.483 0.073
 No 20.43 ± 5.91    19.51 ± 5.79    19.32 ± 6.36   
 Yes 19.63 ± 6.11    19.17 ± 6.07    18.82 ± 7.26   
Pressure from political instability   0.699 0.072   0.793 0.055   0.078 0.361
 No 20.17 ± 5.92    19.36 ± 5.94    18.98 ± 6.71   
 Yes 19.70 ± 7.05    19.67 ± 5.23    21.33 ± 6.29   
Pressure from the COVID pandemic   0.075 0.184   0.010 0.266   0.063 0.189
 No 20.56 ± 6.15    19.99 ± 5.98    19.63 ± 6.97   
 Yes 19.47 ± 5.70    18.44 ± 5.64    18.38 ± 6.22   
Pressure from long working hours   < 0.001 0.888   < 0.001 1.006   0.01 0.442
 No 19.73 ± 6.02    18.93 ± 5.87    18.88 ± 6.74   
 Yes 24.22 ± 3.86    23.92 ± 3.83    21.67 ± 5.86   
Pressure from increased administrative tasks   0.220 0.252   0.430 0.163   0.430 0.167
 No 20.04 ± 5.98    19.32 ± 5.90    19.07 ± 6.73   
 Yes 21.56 ± 6.08    20.28 ± 5.89    20.16 ± 6.33   
  1. Numbers in bold indicate significant p-values