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Table 3 Shows the multivariable multilevel analysis of factors associated with perinatal mortality in high mortality regions, Ethiopia, 2016

From: Individual and community-level factors of perinatal mortality in the high mortality regions of Ethiopia: a multilevel mixed-effect analysis

Variable   Null Model II
AOR (95%CI)
Model III
AOR (95%CI)
Model IV
AOR (95%CI)
Wealth index Rich   1   1
Medium   1.45( 0.61, 3.48)   1.37( 0.58,3.32)
Poor   1.06( 0.53, 2.27)   0.92(0.45,2.00)
Birth interval in years  ≥ 2 years   1   1
 < 2 years   3.72( 2.28, 6.0)*   3.71(2.27,6.07)*
Media exposure Exposed   1   1
Not exposed   2.79( 1.49, 5.60)*   2.78(1.48, 5.59)*
Antenatal care visits  ≥ 4 visits   1   1
1–3 visits   0.82( 0.39, 1.73)   0.79(0.37,1.69)
No at all   2.51( 1.18,5.54)*   2.43(1.15,5.38)*
Tetanus toxoid vaccination Not all   1   1
1   0.59(0 .22,1.38)   0.56(0.21,1.33)
 ≥ 2 +    0.68( 0.36, 1.29)   0.68(0.36,1.29)
Place of delivery Health Institution   1   1
Home   1.23( 0.71, 2.16)   1.25(0.72,2.22)
Time to breastfeeding initiation With 1 h   1   1
 > 1 h   3.95( 2.50, 6.40)   4.01(2.49,6.51)*
Post natal follow up with in 2 day Yes   1   1
No   0.93( 0.53, 1.66)   0.93( 0.53,1.67)
Parity 1–3   1   1
4–6   1.53(0.78,3.03)   1.54(0.79,3.08)
 ≥ 6   2.55(1.24,5.37)*   2.48(1.21,5.22)*
Ever had terminated pregnancy No   1   1
Yes   4.68(2.76,7.86)*   4.68(2.75, 7.86)*
Family size  > 4   1   1
 ≤ 4   4.06(2.15,7.69)*   4.12(2.19,7.79)*
Women participating in making health care decisions Yes   1   
No   1.97(1.20,3.21)*   1.96(1.19, 3.20)*
Distance from health facility Not big problem    1 1
Big problem    2.80(2.06,3.82)* 1.99(1.24, 3.22)*
Residence Urban    1 1
Rural    1.53 (0.95, 2.61) 0.93 (0.44, 2.19)
Time to reach to a water source  < 30 min    1 1
 ≥ 30 min    1.32(0.97, 1.80) 1.38 ( 0.85, 2.30)
  1. 1: Reference OR Adjusted Odds Ratio, CI Confidence Interval
  2. * = P ≤ 0.05