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Table 1 Shows that the perinatal mortality among pregnancy by socio-demographic characteristics in high mortality regions, Ethiopia, 2016

From: Individual and community-level factors of perinatal mortality in the high mortality regions of Ethiopia: a multilevel mixed-effect analysis

Variable Categories Frequency (%) weighted Frequency (%) unweighted number of perinatal deaths (PMR [per 1,000]) weighted number of perinatal deaths (PMR [per 1,000])
Maternal age (years) Less 20 151(3.7) 99(3) 8(57.14) 4(43.01)
20–24 862(20.9) 606(18.2) 33(40.69) 12(20.90)
25–29 1135(27.5) 957(28.8) 54(49.82) 40(43.80)
30–34 858(20.8) 664(20) 26(31.82) 19(29.60)
 ≥ 35 1114(27.0) 996(30) 61(58.59) 55(58.57)
Residence Urban 760(18.4) 516(15.5) 19(25.8) 15(30.00)
Rural 3360(81.6) 2806(84.5) 163(51.6) 115(43.23)
Maternal education status No education 2892(70.2) 2362(71.1) 134(49.24) 105(47.06)
Primary 872(21.2) 700(21.1) 36(43.53) 21(31.00)
Secondary and above 356(8.6) 260(7.8) 12(34.78) 4(16.00)
Sex of house hold Male 3288(79.8) 2841(85.5) 153(49.27) 107(39.54)
Female 832(20.2) 481(14.5) 29(36.80) 23(50.77)
Paternal education status No education 2257(54.8) 2027(61.0) 111(52.38) 91(47.42)
Primary 1041(25.3) 767(23.1) 38(38.38) 23(31.50)
Secondary and above 545(13.2) 324(9.7) 23(43.80) 8(25.20)
Mother Currently working Yes 936(22.7) 738(22.2) 42(47.79) 29(41.25)
No 3184(77.3) 2584(77.8) 140(46.45) 101(41.12)
Family size  > 4 2954(71.7) 2280(68.6) 108(38.37) 78(35.62)
 ≤ 4 1166(28.3) 1042(31.4) 74(68.64) 52(53.66)
Wealth index Rich 1013(24.6) 953(28.7) 20(20.47) 21(22.70)
Medium 665(16.1) 665(20.0) 22(34.59) 20(31.84)
Poor 2442(59.3) 1704(51.3) 140(61.40) 89(55.42)
Media exposure Yes 1441(35.0) 1114(33.5) 24(17.30) 24(22.39)
No 2679(65.0) 2208(66.5) 158(63.05) 106(50.79)
Improved water source Yes 2253(54.7) 1814(54.6) 88(40.93) 72(41.43)
No 1867(45.3) 1508(45.4) 94(53.93) 58(41.00)
Improved toilet facility Yes 2281(55.4) 1807(54.4) 103(47.91) 68(39.72)
No 1839(44.6) 1515(45.6) 79(45.32) 62(42.84)
Times to reach water source  < 30 min 1686(40.9) 1583(47.6) 67(42.00) 59(38.74)
 ≥ 30 min 2434(59.1) 1739(52.4) 115(50.00) 71(43.39)
  1. Variables measured at the time of the survey: residence, education status, wealth index, sex of household, working status, family size, media exposure, water source, and toilet facility
  2. Variables measured at the time of birth: maternal age (years)
  3. PMR perinatal mortality rate