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Table 2 Criminogenic and institution-specific characteristics of study sample (N = 46)

From: Opioid agonist treatment (OAT) experiences and release plans among federally incarcerated individuals with opioid use disorder (OUD) in Ontario, Canada: a mixed-methods study

Characteristic % (n)
Security level at interview
 Medium/maximumb 78% (36)
 Minimum 22% (10)
Offence typea
 Violent 35% (16)
 Drug-related 22% (10)
 Robbery 22% (10)
 Property-related 15% (7)
 Non-violent 7% (3)
Sentence length (years)a
Mean ± SD 3.1 ± 1.3
Number of sentencesa
 1 61% (28)
 2+ 39% (18)
Institutional activitiesa c
 Correctional Programming 83% (38)
 Education 39% (18)
 Employment 20% (9)
History of institutional chargesa c 44% (20)
Institutional incidentsa c 46% (21)
 Drug contraband 22% (10)
Institutional urinalysisac 78% (36)
 Positive for illicit drug use 17% (6)
 Positive for illicit opioid use 8% (3)
  1. aData acquired from CSC; Violent offences include homicide, sex-related, assault, and other
  2. bOnly one participant had a maximum security classification
  3. cTimeframe was between initial admission to federal custody and interview date. Correctional programming entails multi-target skill-based learning programs that address multiple risk factors linked to individuals’ criminal behaviour, offered at moderate and high-risk intensity levels