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Table 3 Univariable and multivariable linear regression analyses of sociodemographic and disease related factors with treatment adherence

From: Exploring treatment adherence in long-term sick-listed workers and the impact of coping strategies, illness perceptions and perceived health

  Medical treatment adherence (n = 348) Occupational treatment adherence (n = 229)
Univariable regression Multivariable regression Univariable regression Multivariable regression
B 95% CI Ba 95% CI Ba 95% CI Ba 95% CI
Female gender 0.740 -3.417 – 4.897    -0.789 -6.568—-4.989   
Age -0.059 -0.287—0.169    0.311** 0.010—0.612 0.245* -0.078—0.569
Educational level
 Low (ref)         
 Medium 2.461 -2.199—7.120    2.381 -4.345—9.108 4.116 -2.736—10.968
 High 1.730 -3.686—7.145    -4.905* -12.313—2.503 -1.665 -9.473—6.144
Working 2.845* -1.455—7.146 0.902 -3.390—5.194 0.997 -4.841—6.834   
ICD-10 Type of disease
 Musculoskeletal disease -2.565 -6.745—1.616    -2.595 -8.766—3.577   
 Mental health disorder -11.942** -16.379—-7.505 -11.113** -16.009—-6.217 -8.061** -14.645—-1.478 -6.737* -13.595—0.122
 Neoplasm -4.286* -9.955—1.382 -4.655* -10.351—1.040 2.774 -5.122—10.671   
 Disease of the nervous system 7.419** 1.787—13.051 4.427* -1.268—10.122 5.269* -2.696—13.234 2.819 -5.269—10.906
 Cardiovascular disease 4.867* -0.797—10.530 4.690* -1.053—10.434 3.388 -5.247—12.022   
Multimorbidity -3.581* -7.716—0.554 -0.174 -4.661—4.312 0.609 -5.359—6.577   
  1. aB, Unstandardized regression coefficient, CI confidence interval, * P < 0.20, ** P < 0.05