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Table 3 Characteristics Associated with Self-Reported Condom Use among Men Having Sex with Men who Completed at Least Three Months of Oral PrEP (n = 822)

From: Increased condom use among key populations using oral PrEP in Kenya: results from large scale programmatic surveillance

Variable Bivariable Analysis Multivariable Analysis
Relative Risk (95% CI) p-Value Relative Risk
(95% CI)
p-value
Time point on oral PrEP
 Initiation visit Reference   Reference  
 Month one visit 1.24 (1.18–1.30) 0.001 1.23 (1.17–1.30) 0.001
 Month two visit 1.36 (1.29–1.43) 0.001 1.35 (1.29–1.42) 0.001
 Month three visit 1.40 (1.33–1.47) 0.001 1.40 (1.33–1.47) 0.001
Age
 20 years and below Reference    
 21 to 24 years 0.93 (0.88–0.98) 0.010 0.56 (0.34–0.93) 0.026
 25 to 30 years 0.88 (0.82–0.94) 0.001 0.44 (0.26–0.75) 0.002
 31 to 34 years 0.93 (0.85–1.01) 0.086 0.56 (0.30–1.04) 0.066
 35 years and over 0.88 (0.80–0.97) 0.009 0.49 (0.26–0.90) 0.022
Marital status
 Never married Reference    
 Married/cohabiting 1.04 (0.98–1.12) 0.157   
 Divorced/Separated/Widowed 0.92 (0.79–1.07) 0.297   
Self-reported recent history of infection with STI (in the past six months) 1.00 (0.92–1.08) 0.905   
Reports having sex under the influence of alcohol and recreational drugs 0.87 (0.83–0.92) 0.001 0.98 (0.93–1.02) 0.271
Type of health facility
 Public/Private Reference    
 Drop-in Centre 1.02 (0.86–1.22) 0.768   
Geographical region of residence
 Coast Reference    
 Lake 1.12 (1.04–1.20) 0.002 1.22 (1.15–1.30) 0.001
 Nairobi 1.28 (1.20–1.37) 0.001 1.17 (1.10–1.26) 0.001
  1. b The multivariable model included age, having Sex under influence of alcohol and/or recreational drugs, and the geographical region of sex work