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Table 2 Associations among political affiliation, health status, and COVID-19 prevention behavior

From: Associations among political voting preference, high-risk health status, and preventative behaviors for COVID-19

  Social distance Self-quarantine Intend to get vaccinated vs. intend to not get vaccinated Unsure about vaccination intentions vs. intend to not get vaccinated
Modela Comparison ORb 95% CIb Fc OR 95% CI F RRRb 95% CI F RRR 95% CI F
1: political affiliation Trump vs. Biden 0.48*** [0.32, 0.73] 6.59 0.28** [0.13, 0.64] 5.99 0.15*** [0.08, 0.26] 14.04 0.34*** [0.18, 0.62] 14.04
Other/neither vs. Biden 1.00 [0.57, 1.75]   0.92 [0.29, 2.89]   0.56 [0.25, 1.24]   1.42 [0.65, 3.10]  
2: health status Underlying health condition vs. not 0.90 [0.52, 1.56] 0.13 0.54 [0.15, 2.00] 0.85 0.86 [0.41, 1.82] 0.24 0.75 [0.32, 1.74] 0.24
3. caretaker of someone with underlying health condition Caretaker of someone with underlying health condition vs. not 1.30 [0.59, 2.84] 0.43 0.40 [0.13, 1.19] 2.72 0.92 [0.39, 2.15] 1.06 0.57 [0.23, 1.39] 1.06
4: political affiliation among individuals with underlying health conditions – sensitivity analysis Trump vs. Biden 0.50** [0.32, 0.78] 5.87 0.37* [0.16, 0.85] 3.70 0.14*** [0.07, 0.26] 12.77 0.37*** [0.19, 0.73] 12.77
Other/neither vs. Biden 1.12 [0.60, 2.10]   0.96 [0.29, 3.15]   0.51 [0.22, 1.20]   1.36 [0.59, 3.15]  
5: underlying health – sensitivity analysis Obesity only vs. neither obesity nor other high-risk health conditions 1.52 [0.54, 4.25] 2.89 0.65 [0.07, 6.57] 0.62 1.27 [0.29, 5.53] 0.69 1.57 [0.31, 7.96] 0.69
Other high-risk health conditions only vs. neither obesity nor other high-risk health conditions 1.01 [0.58, 1.77]   0.56 [0.15, 2.06]   0.93 [0.43, 1.98]   0.78 [0.33, 1.84]  
Obesity and other health conditions vs. neither obesity nor other high-risk health conditions 0.48* [0.24, 0.96]   0.36 [0.08, 1.65]   0.61 [0.24, 1.53]   0.46 [0.16, 1.31]  
  1. aAll models were adjusted for race/ethnicity (Hispanic, non-Hispanic Black, non-Hispanic White, and 2+ races/ethnicities or other), age (continuous), gender (female and male), educational attainment (less than high school, high school, some college, and Bachelor’s degree or higher), and income as a ratio of the 2020 family-sized adjusted Federal Poverty Line
  2. bOR Odds ratio, CI Confidence interval, RRR = Relative risk ratio with interpretation equivalent to odds ratios in logistic regression
  3. cF-statistic = Chi-square Adjusted Wald Test were conducted for each model
  4. *p < .05 **p < .01 ***p < .001