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Table 4 Linear regression analysis between screen use and school readiness among high screen users in children in kindergarten (n = 85)

From: Children’s screen use and school readiness at 4-6 years: prospective cohort study

Exposure variable Physical Health and Well-Being Social Competence Emotional Maturity Language and Cognitive Development Communication Skills and General Knowledge
β (p-value)
95% CI
β (p-value)
95% CI
β (p-value)
95% CI
β (p-value)
95% CI
β (p-value)
95% CI
Unadj Adj a Unadj Adj a Unadj Adj a Unadj Adj a Unadj Adj a
Top 10% of screen users b -0.05 (0.28) -0.13 to 0.04 -0.03 (0.54) -0.16 to 0.06 -0.33 (0.16) -0.75 to 0.14 -0.22 (0.25) -0.63 to 0.22 -0.09 (0.17) -0.21 to 0.07 -0.07 (0.26) -0.19 to 0.06 -0.69 (0.02) -1.12 to -0.30 -0.23 (0.004) -0.37 to -0.07 -0.01 (0.03) -0.03 to -0.01 -0.03 (0.04) -0.06 to -0.001
  1. Notes. aModel adjusted for child age (at outcome), sex, ethnicity, physical activity, maternal education, special needs status (previous developmental diagnosis, follow-up period, special needs designation), and annual household income. bDaily screen use = 8+ hours (n = 85)