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Table 3 Linear regression analysis between total daily screen use and school readiness among children in kindergarten (n = 876)

From: Children’s screen use and school readiness at 4-6 years: prospective cohort study

Exposure variable Physical Health and Well-Being Social Competence Emotional Maturity Language and Cognitive Development Communication Skills and General Knowledge
β (p-value)
95% CI
β (p-value)
95% CI
β (p-value)
95% CI
β (p-value)
95% CI
β (p-value)
95% CI
Unadj Adj a Unadj Adj a Unadj Adj a Unadj Adj a Unadj Adj a
Total daily screen use (hours) -0.02 (0.05) -0.12 to 0.04 -0.14 (0.08) -0.29 to 0.03 -0.09 (0.16) -0.21 to 0.06 -0.13 (0.78) -0.56 to 1.03 -0.09 (0.18) -0.73 to 1.21 -0.18 (0.06) -0.93 to 1.33 -0.52 (0.002) -1.00 to -0.03 -0.73 (0.004) -1.13 to -0.23 -0.12 (0.04) -0.20 to -0.004 -0.14 (0.09) -0.27 to 0.04
  1. Notes. aModel adjusted for child age (at outcome), sex, physical activity, maternal education, maternal ethnicity, follow-up period, special needs status (a previous developmental diagnosis identified using special needs designation reported by teachers on the EDI), and annual household income