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Table 3 Fatal drowning in the Netherlands; comparison between 1998 and 2007 and 2008–2017 by cause of drowning and age group. The mortality ratio of 2008–2017 is age-adjusted (SM) based on the population 1998–2007. Additional information on Standard Mortality, Standard Mortality Ratio, Deviation Rate and 95% Confidence Interval is available as Supplementary Table 3

From: Fatal drowning statistics from the Netherlands – an example of an aggregated demographic profile

  1998–2007 2008–2017
Standard Mortality (SM)
Total drowning
 Number of drownings 2886 2685
 Incidence per 100,000 1.79 1.60
 Standard Mortality 1.79 1.51**
 Average age at death 48.9 yrs 52.8 yrs
 Male / female 2.3 2.4
Suicide by drowning
 Number of drownings 1202 1164
 Incidence per 100,000 0.75 0.69
 Standard Mortality 0.75 0.63**
 Average age at death 57.9 yrs 59.4 yrs
 Male / female 1.4 1.5
Accidental drowning
 Number of drownings 1113 1004
 Incidence per 100,000 0.69 0.60
 Standard Mortality 0.69 0.58**
 Average age at death 41.9 yrs 47.3 yrs
 Male / female 3.8 3.7
Transport accidents with drowning
 Number of drownings 453 452
 Incidence per 100,000 0.28 0.27
 Standard Mortality 0.28 0.26
 Average age at death 48.9 yrs 52.8 yrs
 Male / female 3.7 4.0
  1. ** Standard Mortality (SM) in the period 2008–2017 is significantly lower compared to 1998–2007 (t-test: p < 0.05)