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Table 1 Characteristics of HIV-positive female sex workers at each stage of the conditional 90–90-90 cascade in Juba and Nimule, South Sudan, 2015–2016

From: Progress toward the UNAIDS 90–90-90 targets among female sex workers and sexually exploited female adolescents in Juba and Nimule, South Sudan

  Juba Nimule
  HIV Positive HIV-positive aware a On treatment a Suppressed viral load HIV Positive HIV-positive aware a On treatmenta Suppressed viral load
  N = 333 N = 233 N = 190 N = 126 N = 108 N = 82 N = 69 N = 58
  n (%; 95% CI) n (%; 95% CI) n (%; 95% CI) n (%; 95% CI) n (%; 95% CI) n (%; 95% CI) n (%; 95% CI) n (%; 95% CI)
Age (years)
 15–24 33 (11.1; 6.7–15.5) 22 (81.0; 65.6–96.5) 14 (59.6; 35.0–84.2) 10 (80.3; 55.9–100.0) 15 (14.6; 6.5–22.6) 10 (90.7; 74.8–100.0) 5 (51.1; 15.2–86.9) 4 (100.0; 88.4–100.0)
 25–34 192 (58.6; 52.0–65.3) 139 (84.7; 78.5–90.9) 114 (83.1; 75.9–90.3) 70 (65.6; 55.6–75.7) 60 (55.5; 44.6–66.4) 46 (89.6; 80.7–98.5) 39 (81.8; 67.7–96.0) 31 (80.0; 66.7–94.1)
  ≥ 35 102 (30.3; 24.0–38.6) 70 (72.6; 61.4–83.8) 61 (89.4; 81.5–97.4) 45 (75.3; 62.3–88.3) 33 (29.9; 19.9–40.0) 26 (95.6; 86.9–100.0) 25 (92.5; 78.2–100.0) 23 (94.9; 84.9–100.0)
Education
 No formal education 133 (45.1; 38.5–51.7) 88 (79.1; 70.7–87.4) 71 (82.0; 72.9–91.1) 48 (71.4; 59.7–83.1) 57 (57.1; 46.4–67.7) 41 (98.7; 96.1–100.0) 36 (85.7; 71.9–99.4) 32 (86.9; 74.3–99.5)
 Primary 123 (35.2; 28.8–41.5) 89 (81.4; 72.7–90.2) 71 (79.4; 68.8–90.1) 45 (69.7; 56.9–82.5) 34 (28.5; 19.0–38.1) 28 (89.8; 79.5–100.0) 23 (76.8; 56.3–97.4) 17 (81.3; 63.8–98.8)
 High school or higher 73 (19.7; 14.7–24.7) 55 (81.8; 70.9–92.7) 47 (85.5; 74.6–96.3) 32 (67.6; 51.0–84.2) 17 (14.4; 6.9–21.9) 13 (72.8; 47.1–98.6) 10 (67.1; 34.6–99.5) 9 (100.0)
Ever married
 Yes 265 (82.7; 78.0–87.5) 188 (81.0; 75.1–86.9) 153 (83.2; 77.2–89.3) 100 (70.6; 62.2–79.0) 91 (83.3; 75.0–91.7) 70 (90.5; 83.3–97.6) 62 (86.9; 76.5–97.2) 51 (84.6; 74.1–95.0)
 No 64 (17.3; 12.5–22.0) 44 (78.1; 65.8–90.4) 36 (75.1; 57.5–92.6) 25 (66.9; 48.3–85.5) 17 (16.7; 8.3–25.0) 12 (95.8; 87.3–100.0) 7 (49.4; 17.1–81.8) 7 (100.0; 92.4–100.0)
Nationality
 South Sudanese 42 (14.3; 9.7–18.9) 15 (62.3; 40.1–84.4) 12 (72.5; 45.4–99.5) 9 (67.1; 34.3–99.8) 28 (30.0; 19.6–40.3) 18 (100.0; 97.4–100.0) 16 (80.1; 55.5–100.0) 14 (93.8; 81.6–100.0)
 Other 287 (85.7; 81.1–90.3) 217 (82.4; 77.1–87.7) 177 (82.5; 76.5–88.5) 116 (70.2; 62.3–78.1) 80 (70.0; 59.7–80.4) 64 (88.6; 80.5–96.6) 53 (80.3; 68.2–92.5) 44 (83.5; 71.6–95.4)
Away from home for ≥1 month, past 6 months
 Yes 80 (25.4; 19.2–31.6) 67 (90.9; 84.5–97.2) 58 (85.7; 74.6–96.9) 39 (74.8; 61.4–88.2) 37 (32.1; 22.3–41.9) 26 (83.6; 68.9–98.3) 21 (85.6; 72.1–99.2) 17 (82.3; 64.8–99.9)
 No 249 (74.6; 68.4–80.8) 165 (76.5; 69.8–83.2) 131 (80.0; 73.0–87.0) 86 (67.7; 58.5–76.9) 71 (67.1; 58.1–77.7) 56 (95.3; 90.1–100.0) 48 (77.9; 63.4–92.5) 41 (88.3; 77.4–99.2)
Screened positive for depression
 Yes 134 (39.5; 33.0–46.1) 92 (78.7; 69.6–87.7) 80 (87.8; 80.0–95.5) 56 (74.3; 63.0–85.5) 41 (40.4; 29.6–51.2) 32 (94.8; 85.5–100.0) 30 (89.8; 75.0–100.0) 28 (94.1; 82.5–100.0)
 No 193 (60.5; 53.9–67.0) 139 (82.2; 75.8–88.7) 108 (78.0; 69.8–86.3) 68 (66.9; 56.7–77.2) 66 (59.6; 48.8–70.4) 49 (89.0; 80.7–97.2) 38 (73.2; 57.8–88.6) 29 (79.6; 65.4–93.8)
Screened positive for alcohol abuse, AUDIT-C
 Yes 122 (36.6; 30.4–42.9) 94 (85.4; 77.8–92.9) 76 (80.2; 70.0–90.3) 48 (64.7; 52.2–77.2) 46 (39.8; 29.3–50.5) 34 (88.6; 76.8–100.0) 25 (70.9; 51.8–89.9) 22 (88.0; 70.9–100.0)
 No 206 (63.4; 57.1–69.6) 137 (77.6; 70.4–84.7) 112 (82.8; 75.5–90.1) 76 (73.3; 63.7–82.9) 62 (60.1; 49.5–70.7) 48 (93.2; 86.6–99.7) 44 (86.1; 72.9–99.4) 36 (85.5; 74.3–96.7)
Tested positive for syphilis
 Yes 53 (14.9; 10.4–19.3) 38 (87.9; 78.4–97.5) 34 (87.5; 75.4–99.5) 29 (82.3; 66.3–98.3) 28 (26.3; 16.8–35.7) 24 (99.1; 97.2–100.0) 19 (83.4; 68.7–98.1) 15 (78.2; 55.8–100.0)
 No 280 (85.1; 80.7–89.6) 195 (79.4; 73.5–85.3) 156 (80.9; 74.3–87.5) 97 (67.8; 59.2–76.4) 79 (73.7; 64.3–83.2) 58 (88.6; 80.4–96.9) 50 (79.1; 64.9–93.2) 43 (89.8; 80.9–98.6)
STI symptoms, last 12 months
 Yes 162 (47.1; 40.4–53.7) 124 (84.0; 76.9–91.0) 102 (82.0; 73.7–90.3) 68 (72.0; 61.8–82.3) 18 (17.4; 9.3–25.5) 14 (82.9; 61.8–100.0) 11 (78.5; 55.2–100.0) 11 (100.0; 93.9–100.0)
 No 162 (52.9; 46.3–59.6) 104 (76.7; 68.7–84.7) 84 (82.4; 74.0–90.8) 55 (68.0; 56.4–79.6) 85 (82.6; 74.5–90.7) 64 (93.4; 87.6–99.2) 55 (79.8; 66.9–92.8) 44 (82.6; 70.8–94.3)
Disclosed sex work to anyone b
 Yes 81 (23.5; 18.1–28.8) 53 (71.0; 58.9–83.1) 41 (78.2; 65.7–90.7) 27 (67.8; 51.4–84.2) 21 (24.8; 14.6–34.9) 18 (97.5; 92.4–100.0) 15 (71.7; 45.3–98.1) 13 (93.8; 81.7–100.0)
 No 247 (76.5; 71.2–81.9) 178 (83.5; 77.8–89.2) 147 (82.7; 76.0–89.5) 97 (70.5; 61.8–79.2) 87 (75.2; 65.1–85.4) 64 (89.0; 80.7–97.2) 54 (84.0; 73.7–94.3) 45 (83.5; 71.6–95.4)
Ashamed of selling sex
 Yes 73 (21.5; 16.2–26.8) 42 (65.6; 50.8–80.5) 33 (77.3; 60.1–94.5) 20 (60.9; 40.6–81.1) 65 (59.3; 48.5–70.2) 50 (94.5; 88.5–100.0) 42 (79.7; 65.7–93.8) 37 (87.0; 74.6–99.4)
 No 254 (78.5; 73.2–83.8) 189 (84.2; 78.9–89.5) 155 (82.6; 76.3–88.9) 104 (71.6; 63.3–79.8) 42 (40.7; 29.8–51.5) 31 (86.5; 74.1–98.9) 26 (81.0; 62.8–99.1) 21 (86.4; 72.3–100.0)
Ashamed to disclose sex work to health worker
 Yes 127 (38.4; 32.0–44.7) 83 (76.6; 67.8–85.5) 68 (80.8; 70.4–91.3) 43 (62.3; 48.4–76.2) 71 (67.0; 56.4–77.5) 54 (94.0; 88.2–99.9) 45 (79.0; 65.5–92.4) 39 (85.5; 73.3–97.7)
 No 199 (61.6; 55.3–68.0) 147 (82.9; 76.2–89.5) 119 (82.2; 75.0–89.5) 81 (74.3; 65.5–83.2) 38 (33.0; 22.5–43.6) 27 (86.1; 72.1–100.0) 23 (82.8; 63.2–100.0) 19 (89.6; 76.6–100.0)
Distance traveled to closest ART facility (km)
 0 - < 1.5 77 (53.9; 43.4–64.5) 60 (89.4; 81.3–97.5) 50 (86.0; 76.1–95.9) 31 (67.6; 52.5–82.7)     
  ≥ 1.5 65 (46.1; 35.5–56.6) 49 (83.9; 73.5–94.3) 39 (75.7; 60.7–90.6) 27 (80.0; 65.7–94.4)     
 Median (IQR) 1.4 (0.7–2.3) 1.4 (0.7–2.4) 1.3 (0.7–2.0) 1.4 (0.7–2.2) 8.8 (6.1–9.0) 8.8 (6.0–9.2) 8.7 (5.8–9.0) 8.0 (5.7–9.0)
  1. Abbreviations: CI confidence interval; AUDIT-C Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test; STI sexually transmitted infection; ART antiretroviral therapy; IQR interquartile range
  2. a Self-reported
  3. b Includes immediate and extended family members, spouse or partner, friends who do not sell sex, health care providers, and other