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Table 2 Maternal characteristics of respondents

From: Physical inactivity in early pregnancy and the determinants in an urban city setting of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Maternal characteristics N (%) Mean ± SDa
Age (year) 316(100.0) 29 ± 4.3
Ethnicity (N = 313)
 Malay 251 (80.2)  
 Chinese 32 (10.2)  
 Indian 19 (6.1)  
 Others 11 (3.5)  
Occupation (N = 311)
 Public 60 (19.3)  
 Private 157 (50.5)  
 Self-employed 17 (5.4)  
 Housewife/Unemployed 77 (24.8)  
Marital status (N = 310)
 Married 294 (94.8)  
 Unmarried 16 (5.2)  
Education level (N = 316)
 No tertiary educationb 100 (31.6)  
 With tertiary educationc 216 (68.4)  
Husband’s occupation (N = 308)
 Public 68 (22.1)  
 Private 190 (61.7)  
 Self-employed 47 (15.2)  
 Unemployed 3 (1.0)  
Household income (N = 285)
 Low income (B40) 167 (58.6)  
 Middle income (M40) and higher 118 (41.4)  
BMId at booking (kg/m2) 256(81.0) 24.7 ± 4.7
History of miscarriage (N = 314)
 Yes 17 (5.4)  
 No 297 (94.6)  
Medical problem in previous pregnancy (N = 316)
 Yes 23 (7.3)  
 No 293 (92.7)  
Grand multigravida (N = 316)
 Yes 11 (3.5)  
 No 305 (96.5)  
Primigravida (N = 316)
 Yes 129 (40.8)  
 No 187 (59.2)  
Caloric intake per day (kcal) 191(60.4) 1297 ± 350
  1. a SD standard deviation
  2. b formal education of 12 years or less
  3. c formal education of more than 12 years
  4. d BMI body mass index