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Table 3 Physical measurements of Peruvian mothers and children under 5 years by maternal internal adult migration pathway in DHS Peru 2017; N = 10,910; weighted % (N) or weighted mean (N) a, b

From: Maternal internal migration and child growth and nutritional health in Peru: an analysis of the demographic and health surveys from 1991 to 2017

  Urban non-migrant Urban-urban migrant Rural-urban migrant Rural non-migrant Rural-rural migrant Urban-rural migrant Total
I. Child
Overweight (WHO cut-off) 12% (260) 9% (268) 6% (106) 3% (48) 4% (46) 4% (39) 8% (767)
Pearson’s Chi2 Test p-value < 0.001
Underweight (WHO cut-off) 1% (52) 2% (63) 3% (46) 8% (115) 7% (67) 5% (43) 3% (386)
Pearson’s Chi2 Test p-value < 0.001
Stunted (WHO cut-off) 6% (195) 7% (276) 11% (202) 32% (437) 30% (314) 17% (163) 13% (1587)
Pearson’s Chi2 Test p-value < 0.001
II. Mother
Mean height (in centimetres) 154 (2456) 153 (3241) 151 (1706) 151 (1372) 150 (1161) 151 (965) 152 (10901)
ANOVA test p-value < 0.001
Weight (BMI cut-offs) Healthy weight 30% (748) 30% (988) 31% (498) 46% (644) 39% (460) 44% (397) 34% (3735)
Thin 1% (28) 1% (15) < 1% (4) < 1% (20) 1% (7) 1% (6) 1% (80)
Overweight 38% (944) 43% (1384) 47% (812) 36% (485) 41% (480) 40% (393) 40% (4498)
Obese 32% (736) 26% (854) 22% (391) 17% (223) 19% (214) 15% (169) 25% (2587)
Pearson’s Chi2 Test p-value < 0.001
  1. Footnotes: a DHS survey-specific weights applied; b Sample covariate missing data (N): maternal weight 10