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Table 2 Community-level healthy-ageing indicator values by community-level urbanness and country-level incomea

From: Developing indicators of age-friendly neighbourhood environments for urban and rural communities across 20 low-, middle-, and high-income countries

  Country-level Income Category Urbanness
Indicator All
(496)
LIC
(83)
LMIC
(168)
UMIC
(131)
HIC
(114)
Rural
(219)
Urban
(277)
Outdoor Spaces and Buildings   
 Sidewalk completeness
[1 = no sidewalk; 4 = complete]
2.8 2.2 2.7 2.9 3.3 2.1 3.3
 No. of street trees &
flowerbeds on 1 km walk
45.2 19.6 48.2 77.7 22.0 32.5 55.2
 Access to public parks &
recreation areas (%)
91.3 80.7 87.5 97.7 97.4 83.6 97.5
 Number of physical-activity
facilities on 1 km walk
0.4 0.2 0.3 0.9 0.3 0.5 0.4
 Road completeness
[1 = none paved; 4 = all paved]
2.8 2.5 2.8 2.7 3.0 2.6 2.9
 Road quality
[1 = poorly-maintained;
4 = well-maintained]
3.3 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.8 3.5 2.9
 Street lighting 90.9 83.1 83.9 97.7 99.1 84.9 95.7
 Traffic lights 45.4 24.1 28.0 55.0 75.4 17.8 67.1
Transportation    
 Availability of buses 81.7 95.2 75.6 89.3 71.9 78.1 84.5
 Availability of trains 17.5 22.9 12.5 26.0 11.4 7.8 25.3
 Access to train stations 50.8 75.9 30.4 47.3 66.7 27.9 69.0
Social Participation    
 Community social cohesion
[1 = highest; 4 = lowest]
1.9 1.8 1.7 2.1 1.9 1.7 2.0
Civic Participation and Employment   
 Access to government sites 93.8 96.4 85.1 97.7 100 88.6 97.8
Communication and Information   
 Availability of home internet 40.9 9.3 27.2 35.9 90.0 24.7 53.8
 Availability of free public
internet
9.0 2.7 2.4 1.4 33.6 7.0 10.5
Community Support and Health Services
 Access to hospitals 60.1 96.4 44.0 61.8 55.3 37.9 77.6
 Access to public medical clinics 85.1 86.7 68.5 96.2 95.6 81.7 87.7
 Access to private medical
clinics
77.8 96.4 64.3 75.6 86.8 57.5 93.9
  1. aNumeric and categorical variables are expressed as means; binary variables are expressed as percentages