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Table 2 Distribution of socio-economic and demographic factors by HIV testing status among sexually active men aged 15 – 54 across regions

From: Socio-economic and demographic factors associated with never having tested for HIV among sexually active men across the four administrative regions of Uganda

Characteristics Regions Uganda
Central Eastern Northern Western
Ever tested
n (%)
Never tested
n (%)
Ever tested
n (%)
Never tested
n (%)
Ever tested
n (%)
Never tested
n (%)
Ever tested
n (%)
Never tested
n (%)
Ever tested
n (%)
Never tested
n (%)
Age           
15 – 24 217 (74.3) 75 (25.7) 237 (68.2) 110 (31.8) 191 (76.2) 60 (23.8) 217 (67.6) 104 (32.4) 865 (71.3) 349 (28.7)
25 – 34 314 (87.0) 47 (13.0) 282 (78.7) 76 (21.3) 307 (93.0) 23 (7.0) 316 (87.8) 44 (12.2) 1222 (86.3) 193 (14.7)
35 – 44 187 (80.6) 45 (19.5) 226 (80.4) 55 (19.6) 178 (88.8) 23 (11.2) 213 (85.3) 37 (14.7) 802 (83.1) 164 (16.9)
45 – 54 97 (83.0) 20 (17.0) 130 (82.1) 28 (17.9) 114 (76.5) 35 (23.5) 123 (76.2) 38 (23.8) 457 (79.6) 117 (20.4)
  χ2= 3.5524, p=0.0142 χ2= 4.2277, p≤0.0064 χ2= 11.8350, p≤0.001 χ2= 13.4259, p≤0.001 χ2= 21.4522, p≤0.001
Education level           
No education 25 (53.9) 22 (46.1) 29 (61.9)) 18 (38.1) 13 (33.3) 25 (66.7) 43 (71.5) 17 (28.5) 110 (57.7) 81(42.3)
Primary 338 (75.3) 111 (24.7) 441 (70.3) 187 (29.7) 430 (81.3) 99 (18.7) 507 (77.3) 150 (22.7) 1686 (75.7) 543 (24.4)
Secondary 261 (84.3) 48 (15.7) 294 (83.5) 58 (16.5) 195 (94.8) 11 (5.2) 219 (81.8) 49 (18.2) 981 (85.0) 173 (15.0)
Higher 191 (96.9) 6 (3.1) 110 (93.3) 8 (6.7) 153 (96.6) 5 (3.4) 99 (93.0) 7 (7.0) 568 (95.5) 27 (4.5)
  χ2= 16.6242, p≤0.001 χ2= 11.0568, p≤0.001 χ2= 39.2516, p≤0.001 χ2= 5.1079, p=0.0018 χ2= 46.9833, p≤0.001
Residence           
Urban 404 (88.0) 55 (12.0) 141 (80.9) 33 (19.1) 107 (89.2) 13 (10.8) 191 (80.0) 48 (20.0) 923 (85.3) 159 (14.7)
Rural 410 (75.7) 132 (24.3) 734 (75.6) 237 (24.4) 683 (84.3) 127 (15.7) 677 (79.5) 175 (20.5) 2423 (78.5) 665 (21.5)
  χ2= 15.5287, p≤0.001 χ2= 1.0799, p=0.2991 χ2= 1.9159, p=0.1668 χ2= 0.0210, p=0.8848 χ2= 12.5572, p=0.004
Religious status           
Catholics 311 (79.6) 80 (20.4) 225 (76.8) 68 (23.2) 486 (84.9) 86 (15.1) 337 (76.6) 103 (23.4) 1329 (79.9) 335 (20.1)
Anglican 230 (83.9) 44 (16.1) 371 (77.5) 108 (22.5) 200 (86.7) 31 (13.3) 375 (80.7) 90 (19.3) 1167 (81.2) 270 (18.8)
Muslim 153 (76.2) 48 (23.8) 153 (69.4) 68 (30.6) 44 (81.0) 10 (19.0) 53 (86.2) 9 (13.8) 429 (75.1) 142 (24.9)
Pentecostal 100 (88.3) 13 (11.7) 111 (83.0) 23 (17.0) 55 (90.6) 6 (9.4) 55 (85.2) 10 (14.8) 330 (86.3) 52 (13.7)
Others 20 (93.3) 2 (6.7) 15 (76.4) 5 (23.6) 5 (40.2) 7 (59.8) 48 (79.8) 12 (20.2) 90 (79.2) 24 (20.8)
  χ2= 2.2809, p=0.0639 χ2=1.6889, p=0.1516 χ2= 4.1604, p=0.037 χ2= 1.0481, p=0.3765 χ2= 3.3290, p=0.0105
Wealth quintile           
Poorest 19 (69.5) 8 (30.5) 178 (73.8) 63 (26.3) 343 (81.7) 77 (18.3) 50 (60.7) 32 (39.3) 517 (76.0) 163 (24.0)
Poorer 44 (62.4) 27 (37.6) 210 (74.9) 70 (25.1) 188 (86.3) 30 (13.7) 158 (76.9) 47 (23.1) 559 (76.7) 170 (23.3)
Middle 109 (71.0) 44 (29.0) 184 (71.1) 75 (28.9) 81 (83.1) 17 (16.9) 254 (81.0) 60 (19.0) 623 (75.8) 199 (24.2)
Richer 195 (74.5) 67 (25.5) 179 (82.9) 37 (17.1) 97 (88.6) 13 (11.4) 236 (79.7) 60 (20.3) 724 (79.4) 188 (20.6)
Richest 448 (91.6) 41 (8.4) 124 (83.1) 25 (16.9) 81 (94.6) 5 (5.4) 171 (87.9) 24 (12.1) 923 (90.0) 103 (10.0)
  χ2= 12.0630, p≤0.001 χ2= 2.0527, p=0.0935 χ2= 2.1795, p=0.0725 χ2= 5.9923, p≤0.001 χ2= 13.5046, p≤0.001
Worked in the last 12 months           
No 12 (57.0) 9 (43.0) 8 (49.0) 9 (51.0) 7 (55.8) 6 (44.2) 23 (67.3) 11 (32.7) 51 (59.2) 35 (40.8)
Yes 803 (81.9) 178 (18.1) 866 (76.8) 262 (23.2) 783 (85.4) 134 (14.6) 845 (80.0) 212 (20.0) 3294 (80.7) 788 (19.3)
  χ2= 6.2645, p=0.0125 χ2= 6.0192, p=0.0144 χ2= 12.7655, p≤0.001 χ2= 1.7484, p=0.1865 χ2= 16.2038, p≤0.001
Marital status           
Never married 229 (74.8) 77 (25.2) 148 (62.5) 89 (37.5) 128 (74.0) 45 (26.0) 155 (63.0) 91 (37.0) 687 (69.1) 307 (30.9)
Ever married 586 (84.2) 110 (15.8) 727 (80.0) 182 (20.0) 662 (87.4) 95 (12.6) 713 (84.4) 132 (15.6) 2658 (83.7) 516 (16.3)
  χ2= 6.5313, p=0.0108 χ2= 16.1246, p≤0.001 χ2=12.7302, p≤0.001 χ2= 34.7689, p≤0.001 χ2= 53.1542, p≤0.001
Ever given gifts or other goods to have sex in the last 12 months           
No 717 (82.0) 158 (18.0) 831 (76.9) 249 (23.1) 781 (85.2) 136 (14.8) 800 (79.5) 206 (20.5) 3105 (80.0) 746 (19.4)
Yes 98 (77.0) 29 (23.0) 43 (66.9) 22 (33.1) 9 (68.7) 4 (31.3) 69 (80.7) 16 (19.3) 240 (75.7) 77 (24.3)
  χ2= 1.4311, p=0.2320 χ2= 3.7218, p=0.0541 χ2= 2.7495, p=0.0977 χ2= 0.0388, p=0.8439 χ2= 3.2888, p=0.0702
Circumcised           
No 369 (77.5) 107 (22.5) 379 (77.1) 113 (22.9) 606 (85.8) 100 (14.2) 473 (76.0) 149 (24.0) 1775 (79.1) 469 (20.9)
Yes 446 (84.8) 80 (15.2) 496 (75.9) 158 (24.1) 184 (82.2) 40 (17.8) 396 (84.3) 73 (15.7) 1570 (81.6) 354 (18.4)
  χ2= 5.0290, p=0.0252 χ2= 0.1328, p=0.7157 χ2=1.0156, p=0.3139 χ2= 8.7932, p=0.0031 χ2= 2.4351, p=0.1191
Number of sexual partners in the last 12 months           
No sexual partner 448 (81.8) 99 (18.2) 625 (79.0) 166 (21.0) 536 (86.2) 86 (13.8) 548 (82.0) 120 (18.0) 2126 (81.9) 469 (18.1)
1 sexual partner 281 (81.5) 64 18.5) 205 (69.7) 89 (30.3) 212 (83.2) 43 (16.8) 247 (79.0) 66 (21.0) 962 (78.5) 264 (21.5)
2 & above sexual partners 86 (78.4) 24 (21.6) 45 (73.9) 16 (26.1) 43 (78.2) 12 (21.8) 73 (66.5) 37 (33.5) 257 (74.1) 90 (25.9)
  χ2= 0.2288, p=0.7738 χ2= 4.0041, p=0.0192 χ2= 1.3207, p=0.2672 χ2= 5.9696, p=0.0029 χ2= 5.3051, p=0.0054
  1. Weighted proportions; ever tested (ever tested for HIV); never tested (never tested for HIV).