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Table 2 Prevalence of health outcomes according to age and educational level in women

From: An analysis of health inequalities depending on educational level using nationally representative survey data in Japan, 2019

  Age groups
Health-related behaviors and statuses Educational level 25–29 30–34 35–39 40–44 45–49 50–54 55–59 60–64 65–69 70–74 75–79 80–84 over 84
 Prevalence of psychological distressa Total 34.8 37.7 36.0 34.1 33.5 34.9 34.8 32.8 27.6 23.9 23.7 26.1 32.3
Low 37.2 43.5 47.3 50.5 45.1 51.3 39.8 36.5 31.2 26.2 27.4 30.3 34.3
Middle 34.5 37.4 37.8 35.8 35.0 36.1 36.1 33.8 28.1 24.2 23.3 24.6 31.2
High 35.1 37.5 33.5 31.2 31.5 32.3 32.4 31.0 26.2 21.7 20.5 20.7 28.0
 Prevalence of poor self-rated health Total 7.0 9.0 10.6 9.9 10.9 12.6 12.8 12.8 12.5 13.6 16.9 23.0 30.5
Low 13.0 11.1 18.1 20.2 18.1 27.5 23.5 22.2 17.2 18.1 21.1 25.6 30.6
Middle 7.1 9.8 10.1 10.8 12.1 13.3 13.7 13.5 13.6 13.9 16.5 22.0 31.1
High 6.3 8.1 10.4 8.3 9.3 10.6 10.5 10.9 9.7 9.9 12.8 19.8 26.2
 Smoking prevalence Total 9.5 10.7 10.9 12.1 13.4 11.8 11.0 9.4 7.0 5.4 3.0 1.8 1.2
Low 32.8 40.4 42.2 42.6 45.0 35.0 26.3 17.3 10.8 7.9 4.4 2.1 1.1
Middle 13.9 15.2 15.0 17.3 18.2 15.4 14.0 10.7 7.3 5.0 2.5 1.8 1.3
High 4.1 4.0 4.4 5.4 5.1 4.2 4.9 6.0 4.2 3.5 1.0 0.6 0.9
 Drinking prevalence Total 33.0 30.7 33.9 38.4 40.0 38.5 36.8 33.3 26.9 22.2 17.2 12.6 8.2
Low 28.6 36.8 33.0 34.7 40.0 36.6 30.6 24.2 21.5 17.7 16.1 11.2 6.8
Middle 29.2 31.2 34.3 37.8 38.6 37.7 35.3 32.5 26.8 22.8 17.4 13.4 9.2
High 36.6 29.7 33.5 39.1 41.7 39.9 39.6 36.2 30.2 25.7 19.7 15.3 14.2
 Participation rate in stomach cancer screeningb Total       48.3 49.2 46.1 44.3 43.2 41.5 34.1 19.6
Low       26.3 35.1 29.1 36.4 36.4 36.7 31.3 17.8
Middle       44.3 45.9 44.0 44.2 44.1 43.3 35.8 20.7
High       56.5 55.7 52.5 48.9 48.3 46.6 40.1 27.9
 Participation rate in lung cancer screeningc Total     44.2 47.3 50.9 51.8 47.3 45.6 44.6 41.2 34.8 24.4
Low     25.8 30.5 28.6 36.5 32.8 39.4 38.0 37.6 32.5 23.4
Middle     39.8 43.8 48.0 49.6 46.2 46.0 45.9 43.0 35.7 25.1
High     49.3 52.9 57.4 56.5 51.6 48.0 47.7 42.5 42.8 29.1
 Participation rate in colorectal cancer screeningc Total     39.2 42.2 45.0 45.9 42.6 41.3 41.1 38.4 30.3 16.6
Low     23.7 25.4 24.5 27.1 27.8 33.1 34.7 33.1 26.2 14.6
Middle     34.4 37.9 41.7 42.9 41.1 41.1 42.1 40.5 32.9 18.1
High     44.7 48.8 52.0 52.1 47.5 46.3 45.5 43.5 36.9 22.3
 Participation rate in breast cancer screeningc Total     55.6 54.7 54.4 52.0 44.5 37.8 31.5 23.2 13.9 5.6
Low     28.3 30.8 27.8 28.6 23.9 31.5 23.4 17.6 10.9 4.0
Middle     49.1 49.0 50.4 47.9 42.1 37.0 32.3 25.0 15.7 6.9
High     63.3 63.7 62.9 60.4 51.9 43.5 38.8 30.7 20.0 10.0
 Participation rate in uterus cancer screening Total 38.4 51.2 55.4 58.2 55.0 53.0 46.9 38.5 32.3 26.1 18.8 11.4 4.6
Low 32.3 35.5 37.5 34.4 36.8 27.6 26.8 21.0 26.1 20.3 15.6 9.2 4.1
Middle 34.6 47.9 49.9 52.3 49.6 49.6 42.4 36.4 32.0 26.8 19.8 12.4 5.1
High 42.1 55.7 62.0 65.2 63.0 60.5 55.6 44.8 36.3 30.8 22.7 17.5 5.5
  1. aProportion of persons with K6 scores ≥5
  2. bOnly data for individuals aged 50 years and over are shown considering the target screening age
  3. cOnly data for individuals aged 40 years and over are shown considering the target screening age