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Table 1 Prevalence of health outcomes according to age and educational level in men

From: An analysis of health inequalities depending on educational level using nationally representative survey data in Japan, 2019

  Age groups
Health-related behaviors and statuses Educational level 25–29 30–34 35–39 40–44 45–49 50–54 55–59 60–64 65–69 70–74 75–79 80–84 over 84
 Prevalence of psychological distressa Total 30.5 33.1 33.3 30.3 29.5 28.1 28.4 26.1 22.1 20.1 18.6 22.2 25.5
Low 40.4 31.8 32.4 30.6 29.4 29.3 29.7 30.8 27.4 23.8 22.6 24.9 28.0
Middle 30.0 32.5 32.0 29.9 30.0 28.7 28.1 27.4 23.5 20.2 19.2 23.2 25.1
High 30.2 33.7 34.7 30.7 29.0 27.0 28.5 24.3 19.9 18.5 15.4 17.1 22.4
 Prevalence of poor self-rated health Total 5.3 6.5 8.1 8.0 8.2 9.3 10.6 11.8 12.3 14.4 17.4 21.9 29.7
Low 8.8 10.4 11.6 12.5 13.0 12.2 12.8 20.0 18.7 18.0 22.5 24.4 30.1
Middle 5.6 6.5 7.5 8.3 8.1 10.1 11.1 12.7 13.4 15.1 17.0 22.2 29.5
High 4.4 6.1 8.2 7.3 7.7 8.1 9.8 9.9 10.3 12.1 14.8 18.0 29.8
 Smoking prevalence Total 31.8 34.7 36.3 37.4 36.9 35.7 33.7 30.8 26.4 20.3 13.8 8.6 6.5
Low 59.7 66.4 54.7 54.6 58.7 53.7 51.0 46.9 35.2 25.3 15.2 11.4 7.3
Middle 38.9 42.0 45.3 45.3 42.8 42.6 41.0 35.5 29.1 21.3 14.4 8.6 6.6
High 23.0 24.9 26.0 27.1 26.7 25.1 23.4 23.5 19.2 15.5 10.7 4.1 4.9
 Drinking prevalence Total 48.6 53.2 56.1 59.6 60.7 63.9 66.9 66.8 63.3 58.9 54.8 46.7 36.7
Low 47.1 51.8 49.3 53.0 55.4 54.8 57.3 60.7 59.4 52.5 50.3 40.8 33.1
Middle 42.1 48.1 52.1 56.5 58.1 63.2 65.7 67.0 62.9 59.1 54.9 49.5 37.2
High 54.7 58.1 60.5 63.7 64.7 66.0 69.4 67.6 65.4 62.4 59.9 50.1 42.6
 Participation rate in stomach cancer screeningb Total       57.9 60.9 58.1 51.2 49.1 47.5 42.5 31.1
Low       32.4 35.6 36.1 36.2 39.0 39.3 37.1 27.1
Middle       51.1 54.8 53.6 50.3 49.1 48.8 43.8 32.6
High       69.5 70.6 66.1 58.3 55.5 54.6 48.3 36.0
 Participation rate in lung cancer screeningc Total     53.4 56.0 57.7 62.3 58.3 51.8 50.5 46.5 41.9 35.2
Low     35.9 35.8 36.9 39.6 38.8 40.1 41.2 41.5 39.0 34.1
Middle     48.3 52.3 53.3 57.0 55.7 51.6 50.7 47.3 43.1 34.5
High     60.8 63.1 65.8 70.7 64.1 56.6 56.0 51.0 44.1 38.8
 Participation rate in colorectal cancer screeningc Total     47.3 49.6 51.6 55.9 52.0 47.0 46.8 43.7 38.7 28.8
Low     25.3 27.7 30.9 31.0 32.6 32.9 37.4 36.5 33.3 24.2
Middle     41.6 45.0 46.3 50.3 48.8 46.2 46.2 44.8 40.0 28.6
High     56.0 58.1 60.7 64.8 58.3 53.5 53.6 50.3 44.2 38.1
  1. aProportion of persons with K6 scores ≥5
  2. bOnly data for individuals aged 50 years and over are shown considering the target screening age
  3. cOnly data for individuals aged 40 years and over are shown considering the target screening age