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Table 2 Adjusted regression model quantifying the correlates of TV viewing in Brazilian adults

From: Correlates of screen-based behaviors among adults from the 2019 Brazilian National Health Survey

  TV viewing
  None
(0 h/d)
% (95%CI)
Typical
(> 0 to < 3 h/d)
% (95%CI)
Moderate
(≥3.0 to < 6 h/d)
% (95%CI)
High
(≥6.0 h/d)
% (95%CI)
Geographical factors
Region
  North 1 Ref 1 1
  Northeast 0.90 (0.82–1.00) Ref 1.05 (0.96–1.14) 1.32 (1.15–1.50)
  Southeast 0.86 (0.76–0.98) Ref 1.17 (1.06–1.29) 1.50 (1.31–1.73)
  South 0.74 (0.65–0.85) Ref 0.99 (0.89–1.11) 0.97 (0.81–1.16)
  Midwest 1.05 (0.92–1.20) Ref 0.87 (0.77–0.97) 0.99 (0.82–1.18)
Type of city
  Capital 1 Ref 1 1
  Others 1.22 (1.11–1.34) Ref 0.82 (0.76–0.88) 0.55 (0.49–0.62)
Type of residence
  Urban 1 Ref 1 1
  Rural 0.92 (0.83–1.01) Ref 0.75 (0.69–0.82) 0.56 (0.48–0.65)
Demographic factors
Sex
  Men 1 Ref 1 1
  Women 1.11 (1.01–1.23) Ref 1.00 (0.93–1.07) 1.00 (0.89–1.12)
Age group
  18-34y 1 Ref 1 1
  35-49y 0.62 (0.55–0.69) Ref 0.89 (0.80–0.97) 0.76 (0.65–0.89)
  50-64y 0.54 (0.48–0.61) Ref 0.99 (0.91–1.10) 0.90 (0.77–1.05)
   ≥ 65y 0.68 (0.60–0.78) Ref 1.34 (1.20–1.50) 1.21 (1.03–1.43)
Highest academic achievement
  Up to high school 1   1 1
  High school 0.98 (0.87–1.10) Ref 1.09 (1.00–1.19) 0.81 (0.71–0.92)
  College or more 1.24 (1.08–1.43) Ref 0.69 (0.62–0.78) 0.44 (0.36–0.53)
Employment status
  Employed 1 Ref 1 1
  Unemployed 1.07 (0.97–1.18) Ref 1.58 (1.46–1.70) 3.02 (2.64–3.45)
Income
   ≤ 1 times minimum wage 1 Ref 1 1
  1–3 times minimum wage 0.80 (0.71–0.89) Ref 1.02 (0.95–1.12) 1.00 (0.87–1.14)
   > 3 times minimum wage 0.68 (0.57–0.82) Ref 0.97 (0.85–1.10) 0.98 (0.81–1.19)
Internet access
  Yes 1 Ref 1 1
  No 1.35 (1.22–1.48) Ref 0.91 (0.84–0.99) 1.04 (0.92–1.18)
Lifestyle behaviors
Soft drink consumption
   < 5 days/week 1 Ref 1 1
   ≥ 5 days/week 1.03 (0.87–1.22) Ref 1.31 (1.16–1.48) 1.55 (1.31–1.85)
Health status
Elevated depressive symptoms
  No 1 Ref 1 1
  Yes 1.81 (1.59–2.07) Ref 1.00 (0.90–1.11) 1.67 (1.45–1.93)
Obesity
  No 1 Ref 1 1
  Yes 0.96 (0.85–1.09) Ref 1.24 (1.14–1.32) 1.46 (1.31–1.64)
  1. The final model is adjusted for all variables presented. Variable with p > 0.05 was removed from the final model. The data are odds ratios and indicate that, for example, compared to participants in urban areas those in rural areas were 44% less likely to be in the high TV viewing than the typical TV viewing group