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Table 3 Association of spousal coercive control with forms of intimate partner violence in past 12 months for 66, 013 ever-married women aged 15–49 years, India, 2015–16

From: Predictors of spousal coercive control and its association with intimate partner violence evidence from National Family Health Survey-4 (2015-2016) India

  Coercive control
  N (%) N (%) OR [95% CI] aOR1 [95% CI] aOR2 [95% CI]
Emotional IPV
 No 33277 (56) 25792 (44) 1 1 1
 Yes  1288 (19)   5656 (82) 5.7 [5.3 , 6.0] 4.8 [4.5 , 5.1] 2.8 [2.6 , 3.1]
Physical IPV
 No 30661 (59) 21194 (41) 1 1 1
 Yes  3904 (28) 10254 (72) 3.8 [3.6 , 4.0] 3.2 [3.0 , 3.3] 2.2 [2.1 , 2.3]
Sexual IPV
 No 33981 (54) 28451 (46) 1 1 1
 Yes    584 (16)   2997 (84) 6.1 [5.6 , 6.7] 4.9 [4.5 , 5.4] 2.5 [2.3 , 2.8]
  1. OR crude odds ratio, aOR1 odds ratio adjusted with covariates for respondent marital status, age, number of children, education, religion, caste, socioeconomic quintile, respondent and husband education, employment, occupation, and husband alcohol use, aOR2 odds ratio adjusted as aOR1 plus covariates for emotional, physical, and sexual violence