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Table 2 Contextual variables associated with excess all-cause mortality in mainland France by age group, values by quartile (β coefficients from MGWR models)

From: Spatial determinants of excess all-cause mortality during the first wave of the COVID-19 epidemic in France

  50–74 years old > 74 years old
bwa Minb Q1 Median Q3 Max bwa Minb Q1 Median Q3 Max
FDEP 76 −0.16 0.62 1.33 1.64 1.97 94 4.52 4.64 4.72 5.01 5.56
Deprivation heterogeneity 10 −0.39 1.56 2.21 3.02 7.22 10 −0.43 1.56 2.54 4.60 16.51
Urbanization 9 6.62 14.55 17.21 18.79 19.40 16 16.53 20.50 22.02 22.81 23.66
Work-related mobility 86 3.17 3.41 3.73 4.16 4.99 94 2.18 2.53 2.64 2.87 3.00
Morbidity 94 0.05 0.07 0.08 0.09 0.10 22 0.28 0.40 0.43 0.50 0.80
Supply of primary healthcare providers 22 −9.79 −8.55 −8.04 −7.07 −5.81 94 −7.23 −6.94 −6.77 −6.63 −6.48
Supply of pharmacists 94 −3.27 −3.05 −2.92 −2.71 − 5.58 81 −0.97 −0.31 0.17 0.39 0.59
R2 value 0.80 0.84
Adjusted R2 0.73 0.77
AICc 779.73 823.42
  1. abw: bandwidth (number of neighbours in each parameter-specific weighting scheme)
  2. ba 1-point increase in FDEP in the 50–74 yrs. age group yields a − 0.16 to 0.62 point increase in all-cause excess mortality for 25% of all departments