Skip to main content

Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of GMEa surveys

From: Change in exposure of children to second-hand smoke with impact on children’s health and change in parental smoking habits after smoking ban in Bavaria – a multiple cross-sectional study

Survey
(year of survey)
S1
(2004)
S2
(2005)
S4
(2008)
S6
(2012)
S7
(2014)
S8
(2016)
Total (N) 6350 6206 5336 5052 4732 4767
Characteristic n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Gender
 Male 3319 (52.3) 3216 (51.8) 2738 (51.3) 2668 (53.0) 2418 (51.5) 2420 (51.3)
 Female 3030 (47.7) 2989 (48.2) 2598 (48.7) 2370 (46.9) 2286 (48.3) 2296 (48.1)
 Missing 1 1 0 14 34 51
Urbanisation
 Urbanised area 2640 (41.6) 2763 (44.5) 2598 (48.7) 2725 (54.0) 2512 (53.1) 2453 (51.5)
 Rural area 3710 (58.4) 3443 (55.4) 2738 (51.3) 2327 (46.0) 2220 (46.9) 2314 (48.5)
 Missing 0 0 0 0 0 0
Parental Education
 High 2322 (37.8) 2317 (38.6) 2127 (41.2) 2235 (46.7) 2295 (50.2) 2416 (52.7)
 Middle 2105 (34.2) 2052 (34.2) 1812 (35.1) 1624 (33.9) 1425 (31.2) 1344 (29.3)
 Low 1720 (28.0) 1630 (27.2) 1221 (23.7) 928 (19.4) 850 (18.6) 821 (17.9)
 Missing 203 207 176 265 162 186
Employment mother
 Full-time or > 15 h/week 2123 (35.7) 2102 (35.8) 2177 (43.1) 2341 (49.8) 2309 (51.9) 2480 (55.1)
 < 15 h/week 1373 (23.1) 1350 (23.1) 1081 (21.4) 925 (19.7) 847 (19.0) 779 (17.3)
 Inactively employed 1994 (33.5) 1912 (32.6) 1539 (30.5) 1193 (25.4) 1073 (24.1) 1078 (23.9)
 Unemployed 457 (7.7) 502 (8.6) 257 (5.1) 239 (5.1) 224 (5.0) 164 (3.6)
 Missing 403 340 282 354 279 266
Employment father
 Full-time or > 15 h/week 5405 (93.3) 5365 (93.7) 4649 (94.7) 4389 (94.9) 4149 (95.2) 4193 (95.7)
 < 15 h/week 62 (1.1) 53 (0.9) 48 (1.0) 52 (1.1) 35 (0.8) 41 (1.0)
 Inactively employed 85 (1.5) 69 (1.2) 69 (1.4) 61 (1.3) 64 (1.5) 75 (1.7)
 Unemployed 242 (4.2) 241 (4.2) 144 (2.9) 125 (2.7) 111 (2.6) 75 (1.7)
 Missing 556 478 426 425 373 383
Single mother
 Yes 559 (9.1) 586 (9.6) 464 (8.9) 447 (9.2) 430 (9.3)  
 No 5791 (88.3) 5515 (88.8) 4726 (88.5) 4413 (87.3) 4192 (88.5)  
 Missing 180 105 146 192 110  
Birthplace of child
 Outside Germany 195 (3.1) 190 (3.1) 124 (2.3) 170 (3.4) 258 (5.5) 335 (7.1)
 Inside Germany 6148 (96.8) 6001 (96.6) 5164 (96.7) 4818 (95.3) 4440 (93.8) 4380 (91.8)
 Missing 7 15 48 64 34 52
Crowding
 Yes 1180 (19.2) 1160 (19.2) 920 (18.1) 948 (20.2) 879 (19.7) 881 (19.8)
 No 4957 (78.0) 4929 (79.4) 4169 (78.1) 3738 (73.9) 3591 (75.8) 3564 (74.7)
 Missing 213 177 247 366 262 322
  1. aGME: For health monitoring units (Gesundheits-Monitoring-Einheiten)