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Table 2 Data for participants who were runners/walkers and runners/walkers who volunteer. Data in grey-italic indicate numbers < 10. (Percentages may not sum to 100% due to rounding)

From: Exploring the benefits of participation in community-based running and walking events: a cross-sectional survey of parkrun participants

(a) Demographic Sample/sub-sample
  Full sample Deprived sub-sample Inactive sub-sample Deprived / inactive sub-sample
Survey responses (n) 60,000 4384 2184 237
Proportion female 51.7% 52.5% 54.8% 56.1%
Age (years)
 n 59,618 4377 2183 237
 Mean 48.0 44.3 z 45.6 z 43.6 z
 Standard deviation 13.1 12.7 12.6 12.0
 Effect size   0.29 0.19 0.34
Index of multiple deprivation
 n 46,153 4384 2134 237
 Quartile 1 9.5% 100% 11.1% 100%
 Quartile 2 20.4%   22.2%  
 Quartile 3 30.0%   30.4%  
 Quartile 4 40.1%   36.3%  
Physical activity level at registration
 n 42,747 4041 2184 237
 Inactive < 1 per week 5.1% 5.9% 100% 100%
 Active ≈ 1 per week 11.5% 11.3%   
 Active ≈ 2 per week 22.8% 22.5%   
 Active ≈ 3 per week 33.8% 34.0%   
 Active ≥4 per week 26.9% 26.3%   
Ethnicity
 n 59,340 4342 2167 233
 White 96.4% 94.0% 94.9% 93.1%
 Black, Asian or Other ethnic background 2.9% 5.3% 4.5% 6.0%
 Rather not say 0.8% 0.8% 0.6% 0.9%
Employment status
 n 58,433 4277 2117 229
 Full-time paid employment 55.7% 64.6% 59.3% 64.2%
 Part-time paid employment 14.0% 11.6% 15.7% 15.3%
 Fully retired 12.5% 7.4% 8.1% 4.4%
 Self-employed 9.5% 8.0% 8.6% 6.6%
 Student 3.1% 3.4% 3.3% 3.1%
 Unemployed and not working 1.2% 1.7% 2.1% 3.1%
 Other 4.1% 3.4% 2.8% 3.5%
(b) Health at survey Sample/sub-sample
  Full sample Deprived sub-sample Inactive sub-sample Deprived / inactive sub-sample
Happiness (0–10)
 n 59,998 4384 2184 237
 Mean 7.52 7.35 z 7.26 z 7.11 y
 Standard deviation 1.72 1.80 1.79 1.95
 Effect size   0.10 0.15 0.24
Life satisfaction (0–10)
 n 59,993 4384 2183 237
 Mean 7.76 7.58 z 7.48 z 7.37 z
 Standard deviation 1.46 1.54 1.53 1.60
 Effect size   0.12 0.19 0.27
Health today (0–100)
 n 57,283 4205 2093 225
 Mean 81.0 79.3 z 77.3 z 74.7 z
  12.7 13.7 14.3 15.2
 Effect size   0.13 0.29 0.50
(c) Motives Sample/sub-sample
  Full sample Deprived sub-sample Inactive sub-sample Deprived / inactive sub-sample
Motives
 n 59,263 4344 2161 234
(Rank) Proportion of n for top 10 motives
To contribute to my fitness (1) 56.2% (1) 52.2% (1) 50.6% (2) 45.3%
To improve my physical health (2) 37.0% (2) 39.5% (2) 49.1% (1) 48.3%
To gain a sense of personal achievement (3) 26.9% (3) 26.0% (4) 25.4% (5) 25.6%
To get a recorded time for a 5 k (4) 21.4% (4) 22.0% (7) 11.7% (7) 12.8%
To manage my weight (5) 19.8% (5) 21.4% (3) 29.2% (3) 32.5%
My friends, family or colleagues encouraged me to (6) 15.2% (7) 15.1% (5) 24.5% (4) 26.1%
To train for another sport/event (7) 14.2% (8) 13.9% (10) 6.7% (9) 8.1%
To improve my mental health (8) 13.0% (6) 16.8% (6) 17.1% (6) 18.8%
To feel part of a community (9) 11.0% (9) 11.3% (9) 6.8% (10) 6.0%
To spend time outdoors (10)10.3% (10)10.2% (8) 8.2% (8) 10.3%
(d) parkrun participation Sample/sub-sample
  Full sample Deprived sub-sample Inactive sub-sample Deprived / inactive sub-sample
Years registered with parkrun
 n 47,701 4300 2184 237
 Mean 3.13 2.71 z 2.40 z 2.28 z
 SD 2.53 2.30 1.92 1.80
 Median 2.61 2.17 1.99 1.84
 Q1-Q3 0.94–4.81 0.72–4.20 0.74–3.82 0.68–3.46
 Effect size   0.17 0.29 0.34
Total parkruns run/walked
 n 45,708 4193 2116 232
 Mean 46.0 39.2 z 37.4 z 35.0 x
 Standard deviation 61.1 54.7 46.9 48.2
 Median 21 17 18 15
 Q1-Q3 6–62 5–51 6–50 6–44
 Effect size   0.11 0.14 0.18
Parkruns run/walked per year
 n 34,211 2942 1447 151
 Mean 14.60 14.12 x 15.53 y 14.78
 Standard deviation 12.15 12.02 12.50 12.67
 Median 11.3 10.7 12.2 11.0
 Q1-Q3 4.0–23.3 3.9–22.5 4.4–25.4 3.9–24.1
 Effect size   0.04 0.08 0.01
(e) physical activity at the survey Sample/sub-sample
  Full sample Deprived sub-sample Inactive sub-sample Deprived / inactive sub-sample
Single activity question
 n 59,967 4382 2183 236
 Mean 3.59 3.45 z 2.41 z 2.47 z
 Standard deviation 1.77 1.81 1.67 1.71
 Median 3 3 2 2
 Q1 – Q3 2–5 2–5 1–3 1–3
 Effect size   0.08 0.67 0.64
IPAQ n 45,496 3303 1568 171
 Proportion low or moderate physical activity 35.8% 38.0% 62.2% 59.6%
 Proportion high physical activity (health enhancing) 64.2% 62.0% 37.8% 40.4%
  1. Mann-Whitney test between full sample and sub-samples: x p < 0.05; y p < 0.01; z p < 0.001
  2. Effect size was calculated using Cohen’s d using a pooled standard deviation. Effects are defined as follows: small 0.10; medium 0.5; large 0.8; very large 1.2; huge 2.0