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Table 1 Knowledge, behavior, and practices regarding tick bites and Lyme borreliosis in the French population by survey year, Health Barometer

From: Increased awareness and knowledge of Lyme Borreliosis and tick bite prevention among the general population in France: 2016 and 2019 health barometer survey

  Health Barometer 2016 Health Barometer 2019  
  N = 14,875 N = 9611 chi2
Have you ever been bitten by a tick? N % N % p-value
Yes 4056 25% 3123 30% < 0.001
Less than 12 months ago 651 4% 620 6% < 0.001
If bitten, did you consult a physician?
 Yes 126 20% 149 24% NS
If bitten, how did you remove the tick?
 Tick removal devices or fine-tipped tweezers NA NA 2106 67%  
 Other NA NA 1017 33%  
Do you feel exposed to tick bites?
 Yes (heavily exposed or exposed) 3774 23% 2580 25% < 0.001
 No (not really and not exposed) 11,101 77% 7031 75%  
If feeling exposed, how often do you …?
 Use skin repellenta 586 16% 458 18% NS
 Wear long sleeves and pantsa 2502 66% 1919 73% < 0.001
 Check for and remove ticksa 1803 47% 1411 54% < 0.001
 At least one of the above three protective measuresa 2918 76% 2177 83% < 0.001
Have you ever heard about Lyme disease?
 Yes 10,746 66% 8176 79% < 0.001
 Never heard of it 4129 34% 1435 21%  
Do you feel well informed about Lyme disease?
 Yes 4986 29% 4401 41% < 0.001
 No 9889 71% 5210 59%  
 If aware of Lyme disease:      
What is the first symptom of Lyme disease?
 Red skin rash 7179 66% 5679 69% < 0.001
 Other 3567 34% 2497 32%  
  1. aOften or sometimes