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Table 3 The MMR due to Obstetric hemorrhage, Amniotic Fluid Embolism, Pregnancy-Induced Hypertension, Heart disease and Medical complications in Jinan from 1991 to 2020

From: Trends, causes and solutions of maternal mortality in Jinan, China: the epidemiology of the MMR in 1991–2020

Year Obstetric hemorrhage* Amniotic Fluid Embolism* Pregnancy-Induced Hypertension* Heart disease Medical complications*
n MMR n MMR n MMR n MMR n MMR
1991 7 14.69 3 6.29 6 12.59 1 2.10 0 0.00
1992 5 12.71 2 5.09 6 15.26 1 2.54 0 0.00
1993 4 9.66 2 4.83 1 2.41 2 4.83 1 2.41
1994 2 4.42 3 6.63 2 4.42 1 2.21 1 2.21
1995 4 8.19 5 10.24 1 2.05 1 2.05 0 0.00
1996 4 7.53 3 5.64 0 0.00 2 3.76 0 0.00
1997 4 6.90 3 5.18 3 5.18 1 1.73 1 1.73
1998 3 5.44 2 3.63 2 3.63 2 3.63 0 0.00
1999 7 13.33 5 9.52 0 0.00 2 3.81 1 1.90
2000 5 8.99 4 7.19 2 3.60 0 0.00 2 3.60
2001 3 5.82 5 9.69 3 5.82 1 1.94 2 3.88
2002 4 7.14 2 3.57 2 3.57 2 3.57 3 5.35
2003 3 4.40 1 1.47 2 2.94 0 0.00 3 4.40
2004 5 8.34 2 3.34 2 3.34 2 3.34 3 5.00
2005 2 3.58 2 3.58 3 5.38 3 5.38 3 5.38
2006 2 3.64 1 1.82 1 1.82 4 7.29 0 0.00
2007 1 1.74 3 5.22 1 1.74 1 1.74 2 3.48
2008 2 3.28 1 1.64 1 1.64 2 3.28 2 3.28
2009 3 5.11 1 1.70 0 0.00 1 1.70 0 0.00
2010 1 1.51 1 1.51 1 1.51 1 1.51 0 0.00
2011 1 1.54 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 3.08 1 1.54
2012 2 3.09 1 1.55 0 0.00 0 0.00 3 4.64
2013 3 4.64 1 1.55 1 1.55 2 3.09 0 0.00
2014 1 1.44 2 2.88 2 2.88 4 5.77 0 0.00
2015 1 1.48 0 0.00 1 1.48 1 1.48 1 1.48
2016 0 0.00 1 1.29 1 1.29 3 3.88 2 2.58
2017 1 1.23 0 0.00 1 1.23 0 0.00 1 1.23
2018 2 2.50 1 1.25 0 0.00 0 0.00 2 2.50
2019 0 0.00 2 2.48 1 1.24 0 0.00 1 1.24
2020 0 0.00 0 0.00 1 1.49 0 0.00 2 2.97
Total 82 4.55 59 3.27 47 2.61 42 2.33 37 2.05
  1. Notes
  2. n: Number of maternal deaths
  3. MMR: Maternal Mortality Ratio (per 100,000 live births)
  4. *: Cochran-Armitage trend (CAT) P < 0.05