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Table 5 Follow-up survey results from workshops in 2018 in Wilcox County, AL

From: A community-engaged approach to understanding environmental health concerns and solutions in urban and rural communities

Location Wilcox County
Participant number (%) 30 (100)
Several issues relating to drinking water and wastewater have been brought up as issues in this community. Of these 3, what one issue is MOST important to you?
 Quality of the drinking water 17 (56.7)
 Access to drinking water 8 (26.7)
 Access to wastewater treatment(e.g., hookup to municipal sewage line or community or private septic system) 5 (16.7)
I am concerned about access and quality of the drinking water and wastewater treatment issues because: (Circle your 1/ ONE top reason)
 Taste, color, and smell are concerning. 23 (76.7)
 Digging wells is too expensive 2 (6.7)
 Installing private septic systems is too expensive 2 (6.7)
 Other (use city water, health impact) 2 (6.7)
 Missing 1 (3.3)
Who do you think is MOST responsible for giving people access to drinking water in their homes? (Circle your 1/ ONE top choice)
 Local Government like the County Commissioners 13 (43.3)
 Water Board or Water Authority 12 (40.0)
 Homeowners 2 (6.7)
 Health Department or Extension Service 1 (3.3)
 Homeowners and water board 1 (3.3)
 Local government and water board 1 (3.3)
Who do you think is MOST responsible for ensuring quality of the drinking water in their homes?
 Local Government like the County Commissioners 13 (43.3)
 Water Board or Water Authority 10 (33.3)
 State Government 2 (6.7)
 Health Department or Extension Service 1 (3.3)
 Homeowners 1 (3.3)
 Other (Homeowners and water board) 2 (6.7)
 Missing 1 (3.3)
What I can do personally to ensure my drinking water is safe: (Circle 1/ ONE top choice)
 Go to Water Board meetings and County Commissioner Meetings 20 (66.7)
 Read the annual statement from the water company on quality 7 (23.3)
 Talk to my community at church to be united on the issue 1 (3.3)
 Other (Don’t drink it) 1 (3.3)
 Missing 1 (3.3)
What I would like to see community leaders do to address the water issues: (Circle 1/ ONE top choice)
 Write grant proposals for money to either fix the problem or get money to incentivize more people to participate in the process 15 (50)
 Hold a local meeting for the community to be more informed and united 10 (33.3)
 Bring media attention to the issue 2 (6.7)
 Focus on getting young people involved 1 (3.3)
 Missing 2 (6.7)
What I would like to see state and local governing officials do: (Circle TWO top priorities)
 Put more resources towards water lines, wells, and wastewater treatment 15 (50)
 Evaluate whether the pipes are safe or need to be replaced 11 (36.7)
 Have independent people test the water and communicate 7 (23.3)
 Cancer Cluster Study to see if people in this area have more 6 (20.0)
 Seek assistance from other nearby communities to share 2 (6.7)
 Communicate where current resources are going 1 (3.3)
 Set aside differences and come to an agreement on a specific 3 (3.3)
 Missing 1 (3.3)
What 1/one specific thing would you most like to see besides progress on the drinking water and wastewater issues? (Circle 1/ ONE)
 A community program for kids 9 (30.0)
 An informative program for understanding healthcare options and process 8 (26.7)
 Other (better roads; work with local and state board; community meeting with local information; illiteracy program; need more than just one option): 5 (16.7)
 Bright streetlights, roadside signs, and State Highway 4 (13.3)
 More animal control 3 (10)
 Missing 1 (3.3)
Are drinking water and wastewater issues your most important 1/ ONE environmental health priority for your community?
 Yes 21 (70.0)
 No 7 (23.3)
 Missing 2 (6.7)
If no to previous question, what is your most important 1/one environmental health priority for your community?
 Drinking water and wastewater 21 (70.0)
 Crime and drugs 2 (6.7)
 Clean streets trash waste spill 4 (13.3)
 Road 1 (3.3)
 Health outcomes 1 (3.3)
 Program for kids 1 (3.3)
Trusted information source
 TV 10 (33.3)
 Radio 10 (33.3)
 County commission meetings 8 (26.7)
 Health Department 7 (23.3)
 Monthly water board meetings 6 (20.0)
 statements mailed from the water Company 4 (13.3)
 Phone calls or conversations with community leaders 3 (10.0)
 Newspaper 3 (10.0)
 State and local leaders 3 (10.0)
 Other 1 (3.3)
 Missing 1 (3.3)