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Table 1 Baseline characteristics and subsequent life satisfaction by subgroup. As percentages (numbers) unless otherwise stated. From: The Finnish population-based Health and Social Support Study

From: Health behavior of working-aged Finns predicts self-reported life satisfaction in a population-based 9-years follow-up

Variable Share of the study population Diet score
60–100
Non-smoking Moderate or no alcohol consumption Physically
active
(MET ≥2)
HBSS2003 = 0 HBSS2003 = 1 HBSS2003 = 2 HBSS2003 = 3 HBSS2003 = 4 LSscore2003a (SD) LSscore2012a (SD)
Whole sample   39.1 (4245) 80.7 (8759) 94.8 (10,292) 72.2 (7832) 0.9 (93) 6.2 (670) 24.5 (2654) 42.4 (4602) 26.1 (2836) 8.53 (3.20) 8.37 (3.18)
Sex
 Male 36.2 (3925) 27.9 (1095) 77.7 (3048) 92.2 (3620) 68.4 (2686) 1.5 (58) 8.9 (348) 29.3 (1150) 42.7 (1675) 17.7 (694) 8.58 (3.18) 8.36 (3.16)
 Female 63.8 (6930) 45.5 (3150) 82.4 (5711) 96.3 (6672) 74.3 (5146) 0.5 (35) 4.7 (322) 21.7 (1504) 42.2 (2927) 30.9 (2142) 8.51 (3.20) 8.38 (3.20)
Age (2003)
 25–29 20.6 (2234) 34.3 (766) 79.6 (1778) 96.9 (2164) 80.4 (1796) 0.5 (11) 4.7 (104) 23.1 (517) 46.6 (1042) 25.1 (560) 8.47 (3.15) 8.43 (3.15)
 35–39 20.7 (2246) 34.6 (777) 78.7 (1768) 96.2 (2160) 72.9 (1637) 0.6 (14) 6.8 (153) 25.5 (572) 43.8 (983) 23.3 (524) 8.58 (3.28) 8.67 (3.38)
 45–49 26.6 (2885) 39.7 (1146) 78.2 (2257) 92.8 (2677) 71.2 (2053) 1.3 (36) 7.6 (219) 24.9 (719) 40.5 (1168) 25.8 (743) 8.64 (3.31) 8.57 (3.31)
 55–59 32.2 (3490) 44.6 (1556) 84.7 (2956) 94.3 (3291) 67.2 (2346) 0.9 (32) 5.6 (194) 24.2 (846) 40.4 (1409) 28.9 (1009) 8.45 (3.06) 7.96 (2.90)
Education (2003)
 No professional education 12.0 (1302) 31.9 (415) 73.4 (955) 93.6 (1219) 67.7 (881) 1.5 (19) 8.9 (116) 30.3 (394) 40.4 (526) 19.0 (247) 8.89 (3.33) 8.58 (3.26)
 Vocational school 29.0 (3136) 33.5 (1051) 74.9 (2350) 94.3 (2956) 68.2 (2138) 1.0 (31) 9.0 (281) 28.0 (876) 42.4 (1330) 19.7 (618) 8.76 (3.30) 8.54 (3.27)
 College 39.0 (4218) 41.2 (1738) 81.6 (3443) 95.2 (4014) 73.3 (3090) 0.8 (35) 5.2 (219) 23.6 (996) 42.6 (1798) 27.7 (1170) 8.40 (3.15) 8.24 (3.07)
 University 19.9 (2154) 47.6 (1026) 91.6 (1973) 95.6 (2059) 78.6 (1694) 0.4 (8) 2.4 (51) 17.6 (378) 42.9 (923) 36.9 (794) 8.24 (3.01) 8.08 (3.01)
Diseases (2003)
 0 17.9 (1931) 38.0 (733) 83.6 (1615) 96.0 (1853) 76.8 (1483) 0.5 (10) 4.6 (89) 22.7 (438) 44.4 (857) 27.8 (537) 7.84 (2.73) 7.91 (2.85)
 1 23.3 (2522) 37.5 (945) 81.8 (2064) 95.8 (2417) 73.6 (1860) 0.6 (15) 6.0 (151) 23.6 (596) 43.5 (1097) 26.3 (663) 8.12 (2.94) 7.98 (2.89)
 2 or more 58.8 (6355) 40.1 (2545) 79.4 (5043) 94.1 (5978) 70.1 (4456) 1.1 (68) 6.7 (428) 25.3 (1607) 41.4 (2628) 25.6 (1624) 8.91 (3.37) 8.60 (3.31)
  1. a LSscore = Life satisfaction score; range 4–20, lower scores indicates better life satisfaction
  2. HBSS2003 = Health behavior sum score i.e. number of protective health behaviors at baseline in 2003
  3. Diseases (2003) = Number of diseases participants reported at baseline in 2003. List of diseases is found in the Additional file 2
  4. The size of subgroups varies slightly depending on missing values