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Table 3 Results from Logistic Regression Analyses Predicting Adolescent and Emerging Adult Eating Disorder Symptoms (N = 8117) by Discrimination Experiences Complemented by Age and Sex Interactions with Discrimination Experiences (Model 2), while Controlling for Age, Sex, Parental SES, Body Image, Self-efficacy, Social Media Use, Social Support

From: The role of weight- and appearance-related discrimination on eating disorder symptoms among adolescents and emerging adults

  Eating disorder symptoms (EDs)
Predictors Model 2 OR 95% CI p
Age 0.98 0.89–1.09 .806
Sex
 Male vs. Female 8.62 3.33–22.33 <.001
Parental SES
 low vs. medium 1.07 0.89–1.30 .492
 low vs. high 1.18 0.95–1.47 .125
Body image
 Just right vs. little too thin/thick 3.64 1.65–8.05 .001
 Just right vs. much too thin/thick 3.73 1.15–11.99 .027
Self-efficacy 0.99 0.98–1.00 <.001
Social media use 1.38 1.09–1.75 .008
Social support 1.00 0.98–1.02 .804
Weight-related discrimination
 Never vs. seldom 2.67 1.13–6.30 .025
 Never vs. sometimes 1.20 0.41–3.50 .743
 Never vs. often 2.04 0.33–12.80 .443
 Never vs. very often 0.89 0.05–17.55 .939
Appearance-related discrimination
 Never vs. seldom 1.80 0.79–4.09 .158
 Never vs. sometimes 4.53 1.53–13.46 .007
 Never vs. often 4.66 0.63–34.19 .131
 Never vs. very often 3.20 0.14–74.93 .468
Age interactions
 Age × BI right vs. little too thin/thick 0.98 0.94–1.01 .1201
 Age × BI right vs. much too thin/thick 1.01 0.95–1.06 .789
 Age × Self-efficacy 1.00 0.99–1.00 .598
 Age × Social media use 0.99 0.98–1.00 .171
 Age × Social support 1.00 0.99–1.00 .952
 Age × seldom weight-related discrimination 1.00 0.96–1.04 .872
 Age × sometimes weight-related discrimination 1.06 1.00–1.11 .046
 Age × often weight-related discrimination 1.06 0.97–1.14 .181
 Age × very often seldom weight-related discrimination 1.09 0.95–1.24 .223
 Age × seldom appearance-related discrimination 0.98 0.95–1.02 .337
 Age × sometimes appearance-related discrimination 0.94 0.89–0.99 .026
 Age × often appearance-related discrimination 0.93 0.85–1.01 .103
 Age × very often appearance-related discrimination 0.98 0.84–1.13 .771
Sex interactions
 Sex × BI right vs. little too thin/thick 1.41 0.99–2.01 .054
 Sex × BI right vs. much too thin/thick 1.32 0.81–2.15 .272
 Sex × Self-efficacy 1.00 0.98–1.01 .518
 Sex × Social media use 0.96 0.86–1.06 .389
 Sex × Social support 0.99 0.98–0.99 .019
 Sex × seldom weight-related discrimination 0.51 0.35–0.73 <.001
 Sex × sometimes weight-related discrimination 0.48 0.31–0.75 .001
 Sex × often weight-related discrimination 0.17 0.08–0.33 <.001
 Sex × very often weight-related discrimination 0.23 0.07–0.79 .020
 Sex × seldom appearance-related discrimination 1.04 0.73–1.47 .827
 Sex × sometimes appearance-related discrimination 0.97 0.62–1.53 .900
 Sex × often appearance-related discrimination 0.98 0.42–2.34 .977
 Sex × very often appearance-related discrimination 1.28 0.35–4.70 .709
  1. Note. OR = adjusted odds ratio, SES = socioeconomic status, BI = body image. Significant results at p < .05 are highlighted in boldface. Self-efficacy and social support are indicated by a sum score ranging between 0 (min) and 100 (max). Social media use is indicated by the average time spent in hours a day, ranging from 0 (never) to 5 (five hours or more). Model 2 Pseudo R2 = .15