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Table 4 Variables of infection risk and adherence to Covid-19 preventive measures (between January 2020 and May 2020) both overall and according to study group

From: Factors associated with SARS-CoV2 infection and care pathways among the most vulnerable populations living in Marseille: a case control study

Variable Modality Users (n = 64) Covid-19 cases group
(n = 29)
Control group
(n = 35)
Univariate analysis
(α = 0.05)
Wearing a mask Yes 60.94% (39) 48.28% (14) 71.43% (25) p = 0.1026
No 39.06% (25) 51.72% (15) 28.57% (10)
Compliance with lockdown measures Yes 75% (48) 62.07% (18) 85.71% (30) p = 0.05947
No 25% (16) 37.93% (11) 14.29% (5)
Compliance with social distancing measures Yes 79.69% (51) 62.07% (18) 94.29% (33) p = 0.004016
No 20.31% (13) 37.93% (11) 5.71% (2)
Regular hand washing Yes 85.94% (55) 75.86% (22) 94.29% (33) p = 0.06688
No 14.06% (9) 24.14% (7) 5.71% (2)
Access to hydroalcoholic solution to wash hands Yes 50% (32) 48.28% (14) 51.43% (18) p ≈ 1
No 50% (32) 51.72% (15) 48.57% (17)
Presence of persons suspected of having Covid-19: family/close friends Yes 17.19% (11) 37.93% (11) 0% (0)  
No 82.81% (53) 62.07% (18) 100% (35)
Hospitalisation Yes 23.44% (15) 20.69% (6) 25.71% (9) p = 0.8603
No 76.56% (49) 79.31% (23) 74.29% (26)
Time between last hospital visit and the onset of symptoms suggestive of Covid-19   m = 59.64 days m = 36.67 days m = 76.88 days p = 0.02
  s = 32.50 days s = 30.94 days s = 22.05 days
Participant compliance with self-isolation requirements Yes   65% (13)   
No   35% (7)  
  1. *AAJT: Association for Helping Young Workers