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Table 1 Descriptive characteristics of the male participants (n = 2850) in the HIPSS study according to their MMC status

From: Association of medical male circumcision and sexually transmitted infections in a population-based study using targeted maximum likelihood estimation

Variable Description Medically Circumcised Not circumciseda
(N = 830; 29.1%) (N = 2020; 70.9%)
Age (years) 26.2 ± 7.5 31.8 ± 8.7
Marital status
 currently married 52 (6.3%) 187(11.1%)
 widowed/divorced/separated 26 (3.2%) 108 (4.1%)
 Single 752 (90.4%) 1725 (84.8%)
Education (missing = 1)
 primary school/incomplete high school 292 (37.3%) 1074 (56.2%)
 completed high school 428 (50.9%) 783 (36.9%)
 has a degree/diploma 91 (10.5%) 91 (4.1%)
 No education 19 (1.3%) 71 (2.7%)
Condom used with partner
 always used condom 242 (31.2%) 402 (21.1%)
 sometimes used condom 420 (47.4%) 1134 (52.4%)
 never used condom 168 (21.5%) 484 (26.5%)
Number of lifetime sex partners
 1 141 (5.4%) 278 (9.9%)
 2 126 (4.1%) 214 (8.1%)
 3–5 263 (34.2%) 592 (30.4%)
 6+ 204 (25.3%) 552 (30.9%)
 Refused to respond 96 (8.0%) 384 (13.2%)
Total monthly household income
 No income 105 (10.9%) 322 (12.9%)
  ≤ R2500 358 (40.8%) 1044 (48.2%)
 R2500 - R6000 205 (27.6%) 373 (23.7%)
  > R6000 93 (13.9%) 114 (7.9%)
 No response 69 (6.7%) 167 (7.3%)
Household receives social support grant 389 (60.6%) 801 (55.7%)
Had sex in the last 12 months 703 (24.9%) 1650 (59.2%)
Drinks alcohol 378 (46.0%) 969 (48.0%)
Neisseria gonorrhoea (+ve) 13 (1.5%) 46 (2.0%)
Chlamydia trachomatis (+ve) 70 (8.8%) 99 (4.2%)
Syphilis (+ve) 17 (1.9%) 66 (3.2%)
Mycoplasma genitalium (+ve) 32 (4.0%) 154 (7.6%)
Trichomonas vaginalis (+ve) 24 (2.7%) 121 (5.4%)
Hepatitis B (+ve) 22 (2.5%) 127 (6.3%)
HSV-2 (+ve) 324 (36.4%) 1205 (59.8%)
  1. Mean ± SD are reported for the continuous variable, age, while the other variables are represented as frequency (%). Reported statistics are population-weighted. a include those reporting not circumcised, do not know or traditionally circumcised